The castle was built by Annaka Tadamasa to defend against incursions by Takeda Shingen. Tadamasa's son capitulated to Takeda Shingen and joined forces with him remaining as castellan of Annaka Castle. Annaka was killed at the Battle of Nagashino and the castle was abandoned. Due to it's strategic importance along the Nakasendo Road, the Annaka Province was established by the Tokugawa in 1614. Ii Naomasa's eldest son, Naokatsu, was made lord of the new Annaka domain. After the Ii, the lord of Annaka was always chosen from among those most loyal to the Tokugawa because of that important location on the Nakasendo to collect taxes and monitor traffic. Even in the Edo Period there was very little fortification around the castle.
There is nothing left to see of the castle, but the samurai homes are fantastic. It is worth going out of your way to visit them. In particular, there are only a few examples of an original row house throughout Japan.
|English Name||Annaka Castle|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Historical Period||Edo Period|
|Features||samurai homes, castle town|
|Access||Annaka Station (Shin'etsu line), 20 min walk|
|Visitor Information||9am-5pm (Dec-Feb: 9am-4:30pm); 210 yen entrance fee for the samurai homes|
|Time Required||45 mins|
|Website||http://www.city.annaka.lg.jp/kanko spot/daimyou buke.html|
|Location||Annaka, Gunma Prefecture|
|Coordinates||36° 19' 45.80" N, 138° 53' 47.58" E|
|Visits||March 11, 2018|
|Added to Jcastle||2018|