Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)

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Katsuyamatsuru18.jpg

History

There were competing theories about the origins of this castle, whether it was built by the Oyamada or the Asano. In consideration of recent surveys and other Oyamada castles nearby, the Oyamada origins seem to be the more likely. In that case, the castle was built around 1532 by Oyamada Nobuari as a mountain redoubt (詰城) of Yamura Castle across the river.

After the fall of the Oyamada (1583), different lords ruled the castle as a satellite castle from Kofu while pacifying the region. After Ieyasu moved to Kanto, Asano Nagamasa (1593) and his family also ruled over Yamura Castle/Katsuyama Castle. The Yamura Domain was established in in 1601 with Torii Noritsugu, but it was placed under direct control of the bakufu in 1704. Katsuyama Castle was abandoned along with Yamura Castle, but Yamura Jin'ya was established near Yamura Castle or in a part of it.

Visit Notes

I visited Katsuyama Castle after Iwadono Castle, a few stops earlier on the train line from Tokyo. It's about a 10 min walk from the station. Along the way you'll cross a bridge over the Katsura River which creates an additional natural defense as well. This is a very easy castle to visit and highly recommended if you are in the area. The site is well kept and offers some nice views of the valley. The north side of the Honmaru actually has some stonework that is likely from when the Asano renovated the castle. It should also be visited with Yamura Castle, even though there is not much to be seen. The two create a typical Sengoku Period mountaintop castle and foothills fortified palace combination.

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Castle Profile
English Name Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
Japanese Name 勝山城
Founder Oyamada Nobuari
Year Founded 1532
Castle Type Mountaintop
Castle Condition Ruins only
Designations Prefectural Historic Site
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Features trenches, stone walls
Visitor Information
Access Yamuramachi Sta. (Otsuki Line), 15 min walk
Visitor Information mountain, open 24/7
Time Required 60 mins
Website https://www.city.tsuru.yamanashi.jp/soshiki/shougaigakushuu/bunkashinko t/1/993.html
Location Tsuru, Yamanashi Prefecture
Coordinates 35° 33' 8.68" N, 138° 53' 46.86" E
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Admin
Year Visited 2019
Contributor Eric
Visits January 14, 2019
Added to Jcastle 2020


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