Maeda Battery

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MaedaDaiba01.JPG

History

Maeda-daiba was built by the Chōshū Domain under Mōri Tadachika to protect the Kanmon Straits. Chōshū began attacking foreign shipping in 1863, leading to a repraisal attack by French forces which captured Maeda-daiba and took its cannons. Some of these cannons are still on display in Paris. The French ultimately retreated, however, and the Maeda-daiba was re-armed. Chōshū then continued to resist foreign and Shogunal demands, continuing to attack foreign vessels in its waters, blocking its straits to foreign shipping for over a year. As a result a coalition of Euro-American powers commenced the 1864 Shimonoseki Campaign and invaded Chōshū. Maeda-daiba was captured by British marines and disarmed.

For more historical background see my profile on Kameyama Battery.

Visit Notes

There are several daiba (artillery battery emplacement) sites along the shore of Shimonoseki along the Kanmon Straits. Of those, Maeda-daiba has the best preserved remains of the old fortifications, including berms and trenches. The daiba can be split into two platforms, the upper (Taka-daiba) and lower (Hiku-daiba, or Ochaya-daiba) terraces. Here the British made their landing and seized the fort. A photograph taken of the navy men with the captured cannons is shown prominently on display boards here.


Gallery


Castle Profile
English Name Maeda Battery
Japanese Name 前田台場
Alternate Names 前田御茶屋台場
Founder Mōri Tadachika
Year Founded Bakumatsu Period
Castle Type Hilltop
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Edo Period
Artifacts Earthworks
Features trenches
Visitor Information
Access Norfolk Hiroba Station on the Mojiko Retro Train; 45 minute walk via Kanmon Pedestrian Bridge
Visitor Information Free; 24/7; Park
Time Required 30 minutes
Location Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Coordinates 33° 58' 25.79" N, 130° 58' 15.24" E
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Admin
Added to Jcastle 2021
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed


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