Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Akozu Castle
  2. Akutagawasan Castle
  3. Amagajo
  4. Aoyagi Castle
  5. Aoyama Castle
  6. Arato Castle
  7. Arikoyama Castle
  8. Asaba Castle
  9. Asahi Castle
  10. Ashigara Castle
  11. Asuke Castle
  12. Aya Castle
  13. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  14. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  15. Chihaya Castle
  16. Echizen Ohno Castle
  17. Funaoka Castle
  18. Futamata Castle
  19. Futoge Castle
  20. Ganjaku Castle
  21. Gassan Toda Castle
  22. Gifu Castle
  23. Gobara Castle
  24. Gokan Castle
  25. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  26. Hachioji Castle
  27. Haga Castle
  28. Haibara Castle
  29. Hakusan Castle
  30. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  31. Hamada Castle
  32. Hanazono Castle
  33. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  34. Hasedo Castle
  35. Hayashikojo Castle
  36. Hayashiohjo Castle
  37. Hida Kojima Castle
  38. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  39. Hyakusaiji Castle
  40. Ichijodani Castle
  41. Ichinomiya Castle
  42. Inaniwa Castle
  43. Inukai Castle
  44. Ioyama Castle
  45. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  46. Isobe Castle
  47. Iwabitsu Castle
  48. Iwadono Castle
  49. Iwakuni Castle
  50. Iwamura Castle
  51. Iwaseyama Castle
  52. Iwaya Castle
  53. Jofukuji Castle
  54. Kakunodate Castle
  55. Kamitohno Castle
  56. Kanaiyama Castle
  57. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  58. Kanayama Castle
  59. Kanegasaki Castle
  60. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  61. Kannonji Castle
  62. Karakai Castle
  63. Karasawayama Castle
  64. Karasuyama Castle
  65. Kasama Castle
  66. Kasane Castle
  67. Kaseyama Castle
  68. Kasugayama Castle
  69. Kasumi Castle
  70. Katsunuma Castle
  71. Katsuren Castle
  72. Kawamura Castle
  73. Kawanoe Castle
  74. Kazurayama Castle
  75. Kikuchi Castle
  76. Kinojo
  77. Kirihara Castle
  78. Komaki Castle
  79. Konomine Castle
  80. Konosumiyama Castle
  81. Koshigoe Castle
  82. Kuma Castle
  83. Kurobane Castle
  84. Kururi Castle
  85. Kuwabara Castle
  86. Magome Castle
  87. Mariko Castle
  88. Masugatayama Castle
  89. Matsuida Castle
  90. Matsukura Castle
  91. Matsuo Castle
  92. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  93. Miharu Castle
  94. Minagawa Castle
  95. Moriyama Castle
  96. Motosu Castle
  97. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  98. Mumo Castle
  99. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  100. Mutsu Obama Castle
  101. Myogi Castle
  102. Nabekura Castle
  103. Naegi Castle
  104. Nagakubo Castle
  105. Nagurumi Castle
  106. Nakagusuku Castle
  107. Nakijin Castle
  108. Nanao Castle
  109. Narisawa Castle
  110. Nihonmatsu Castle
  111. Niitakayama Castle
  112. Nirayama Castle
  113. Nishikata Castle
  114. Nochiseyama Castle
  115. Numata Castle
  116. Obiki Castle
  117. Odani Castle
  118. Oeda Castle
  119. Ogimachi Castle
  120. Ogoe Castle
  121. Ogura Castle
  122. Oka Castle
  123. Oko Castle
  124. Omori Castle
  125. Ono Castle
  126. Oogo Castle
  127. Ori Castle
  128. Owari Asahi Castle
  129. Rikan Castle
  130. Ryusenji Castle
  131. Saimyoji Castle
  132. Sanadahonjo Castle
  133. Sannohe Castle
  134. Sasao Castle
  135. Sashiki Castle
  136. Sendai Castle
  137. Shigiyama Castle
  138. Shimotsui Castle
  139. Shiratori Castle
  140. Shishiku Castle
  141. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  142. Suwahara Castle
  143. Tage Castle
  144. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  145. Takaharasuwa Castle
  146. Takane Castle
  147. Takatenjin Castle
  148. Takatome Castle
  149. Takatori Castle
  150. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  151. Takeda Castle
  152. Takei Castle
  153. Taki Castle
  154. Takiyama Castle
  155. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  156. Tatsuno Castle
  157. Tenpaku Castle
  158. Tobayama Castle
  159. Toishi Castle
  160. Tokiwa Castle
  161. Tokura Castle
  162. Torigoe Castle
  163. Tottori Castle
  164. Tsukui Castle
  165. Tsumagi Castle
  166. Tsumago Castle
  167. Tsuneyama Castle
  168. Tsuwano Castle
  169. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  170. Uehara Castle
  171. Ueshi Castle
  172. Washio Castle
  173. Yagi Castle
  174. Yamabe Castle
  175. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  176. Yamanaka Castle
  177. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  178. Yamazaki Castle
  179. Yashima Castle
  180. Yato Castle
  181. Yogaisan Castle
  182. Yokoyama Castle
  183. Yumurayama Castle
  184. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  185. Yuzawa Castle
  186. Yuzuki Castle
  187. Zakimi Castle
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