Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Akozu Castle
  2. Akutagawasan Castle
  3. Amagajo
  4. Aoyagi Castle
  5. Aoyama Castle
  6. Arato Castle
  7. Arikoyama Castle
  8. Asaba Castle
  9. Ashigara Castle
  10. Asuke Castle
  11. Aya Castle
  12. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  13. Chihaya Castle
  14. Echizen Ohno Castle
  15. Funaoka Castle
  16. Futamata Castle
  17. Futoge Castle
  18. Ganjaku Castle
  19. Gassan Toda Castle
  20. Gifu Castle
  21. Gobara Castle
  22. Gokan Castle
  23. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  24. Hachioji Castle
  25. Haga Castle
  26. Haibara Castle
  27. Hakusan Castle
  28. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  29. Hamada Castle
  30. Hanazono Castle
  31. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  32. Hasedo Castle
  33. Hayashikojo Castle
  34. Hayashiohjo Castle
  35. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  36. Hyakusaiji Castle
  37. Ichijodani Castle
  38. Ichinomiya Castle
  39. Inaniwa Castle
  40. Inukai Castle
  41. Ioyama Castle
  42. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  43. Isobe Castle
  44. Iwabitsu Castle
  45. Iwadono Castle
  46. Iwakuni Castle
  47. Iwamura Castle
  48. Iwaseyama Castle
  49. Iwaya Castle
  50. Jofukuji Castle
  51. Kakunodate Castle
  52. Kamitohno Castle
  53. Kanaiyama Castle
  54. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  55. Kanayama Castle
  56. Kanegasaki Castle
  57. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  58. Kannonji Castle
  59. Karakai Castle
  60. Karasawayama Castle
  61. Karasuyama Castle
  62. Kasama Castle
  63. Kaseyama Castle
  64. Kasugayama Castle
  65. Kasumi Castle
  66. Katsunuma Castle
  67. Katsuren Castle
  68. Kawamura Castle
  69. Kawanoe Castle
  70. Kazurayama Castle
  71. Kikuchi Castle
  72. Kinojo
  73. Kirihara Castle
  74. Komaki Castle
  75. Konomine Castle
  76. Konosumiyama Castle
  77. Koshigoe Castle
  78. Kuma Castle
  79. Kurobane Castle
  80. Kururi Castle
  81. Kuwabara Castle
  82. Mariko Castle
  83. Masugatayama Castle
  84. Matsuida Castle
  85. Matsukura Castle
  86. Matsuo Castle
  87. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  88. Miharu Castle
  89. Minagawa Castle
  90. Moriyama Castle
  91. Motosu Castle
  92. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  93. Mumo Castle
  94. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  95. Mutsu Obama Castle
  96. Nabekura Castle
  97. Naegi Castle
  98. Nagakubo Castle
  99. Nagurumi Castle
  100. Nakagusuku Castle
  101. Nakijin Castle
  102. Nanao Castle
  103. Narisawa Castle
  104. Nihonmatsu Castle
  105. Niitakayama Castle
  106. Nirayama Castle
  107. Nochiseyama Castle
  108. Numata Castle
  109. Obiki Castle
  110. Odani Castle
  111. Oeda Castle
  112. Ogimachi Castle
  113. Ogoe Castle
  114. Ogura Castle
  115. Oka Castle
  116. Oko Castle
  117. Omori Castle
  118. Ono Castle
  119. Oogo Castle
  120. Ori Castle
  121. Rikan Castle
  122. Saimyoji Castle
  123. Sanadahonjo Castle
  124. Sannohe Castle
  125. Sasao Castle
  126. Sashiki Castle
  127. Sendai Castle
  128. Shigiyama Castle
  129. Shimotsui Castle
  130. Shiratori Castle
  131. Shishiku Castle
  132. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  133. Suwahara Castle
  134. Tage Castle
  135. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  136. Takane Castle
  137. Takatenjin Castle
  138. Takatome Castle
  139. Takatori Castle
  140. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  141. Takeda Castle
  142. Taki Castle
  143. Takiyama Castle
  144. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  145. Tatsuno Castle
  146. Tenpaku Castle
  147. Tobayama Castle
  148. Toishi Castle
  149. Tokiwa Castle
  150. Tokura Castle
  151. Torigoe Castle
  152. Tottori Castle
  153. Tsukui Castle
  154. Tsumagi Castle
  155. Tsumago Castle
  156. Tsuneyama Castle
  157. Tsuwano Castle
  158. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  159. Uehara Castle
  160. Ueshi Castle
  161. Washio Castle
  162. Yagi Castle
  163. Yamabe Castle
  164. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  165. Yamanaka Castle
  166. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  167. Yamazaki Castle
  168. Yashima Castle
  169. Yato Castle
  170. Yogaisan Castle
  171. Yokoyama Castle
  172. Yumurayama Castle
  173. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  174. Yuzawa Castle
  175. Yuzuki Castle
  176. Zakimi Castle
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