Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arashi Castle
  8. Arato Castle
  9. Arayama Castle
  10. Arikoyama Castle
  11. Aruga Castle
  12. Asaba Castle
  13. Asahi Castle
  14. Ashigara Castle
  15. Asuke Castle
  16. Aya Castle
  17. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  18. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  19. Azumi Ogiwara Castle
  20. Azumi Ogura Castle
  21. Azumi Oshino Castle
  22. Azumi Taya Castle
  23. Bingo Kouyama Castle
  24. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  25. Chihaya Castle
  26. Chikuma Chausuyama Castle
  27. Chikuma Koya Castle
  28. Chikuma Motoyama Castle
  29. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  30. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  31. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  32. Chikuma Tazawa Castle
  33. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  34. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  35. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  36. Echizen Ohno Castle
  37. Funaoka Castle
  38. Funaokayama Castle
  39. Funayama Castle
  40. Futamata Castle
  41. Futoge Castle
  42. Futohyama Castle
  43. Ganjaku Castle
  44. Gassan Toda Castle
  45. Gifu Castle
  46. Gobara Castle
  47. Gokan Castle
  48. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  49. Hachikenchōja Castle
  50. Hachioji Castle
  51. Haga Castle
  52. Hagikura Fort
  53. Haibara Castle
  54. Hakusan Castle
  55. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  56. Hamada Castle
  57. Hanazono Castle
  58. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  59. Hanishina Terao Castle
  60. Hasedo Castle
  61. Hatayama Castle
  62. Hatsuzawa Castle
  63. Hayaotoshi Castle
  64. Hayashikojo Castle
  65. Hayashiohjo Castle
  66. Hida Kojima Castle
  67. Hikaru Castle
  68. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  69. Hirase Castle
  70. Hirase Kitano Castle
  71. Hisawa Castle
  72. Hishakuyama Castle
  73. Houshouji Fort
  74. Hyakusaiji Castle
  75. Ibuka Castle
  76. Ichijodani Castle
  77. Ichinomiya Castle
  78. Iinawa Castle
  79. Ina Konishi Castle
  80. Ina Korin Castle
  81. Ina Nagayama Castle
  82. Ina Ryuugasaki Castle
  83. Ina Wada Castle
  84. Inaniwa Castle
  85. Inukai Castle
  86. Ioyama Castle
  87. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  88. Isobe Castle
  89. Iwabitsu Castle
  90. Iwadono Castle
  91. Iwakiri Castle
  92. Iwakuni Castle
  93. Iwamura Castle
  94. Iwaseyama Castle
  95. Iwaya Castle
  96. Jofukuji Castle
  97. Kaesa Castle
  98. Kakunodate Castle
  99. Kamagatake Castle
  100. Kamitohno Castle
  101. Kamogatake Castle
  102. Kanaiyama Castle
  103. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  104. Kanayama Castle
  105. Kanegasaki Castle
  106. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  107. Kannonji Castle
  108. Karakai Castle
  109. Karasaki Castle
  110. Karasawayama Castle
  111. Karasuyama Castle
  112. Kasama Castle
  113. Kasane Castle
  114. Kaseyama Castle
  115. Kasugayama Castle
  116. Kasumi Castle
  117. Katsunuma Castle
  118. Katsuren Castle
  119. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  120. Kawamura Castle
  121. Kawanoe Castle
  122. Kazurayama Castle
  123. Kikuchi Castle
  124. Kinojo
  125. Kirihara Castle
  126. Kiso Fukushima Castle
  127. Kiso Komaruyama Castle
  128. Koiwatake Castle
  129. Koka-Aoki Castle
  130. Komaki Castle
  131. Konomine Castle
  132. Konosumiyama Castle
  133. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  134. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  135. Koshigoe Castle
  136. Kuma Castle
  137. Kurobane Castle
  138. Kuroi Castle
  139. Kururi Castle
  140. Kuwabara Castle
  141. Kuwagatahara Fort
  142. Magome Castle
  143. Manago Castle
  144. Mariko Castle
  145. Marune Fort
  146. Masugatayama Castle
  147. Matsudaira Castle
  148. Matsuida Castle
  149. Matsukura Castle
  150. Matsuo Castle
  151. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  152. Meiseireijin Fort
  153. Michibayashi Fort
  154. Miharu Castle
  155. Minagawa Castle
  156. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  157. Minami Majino Castle
  158. Minochi Masugata Castle
  159. Miyahara Castle
  160. Mizuban Castle
  161. Moriyama Castle
  162. Motosu Castle
  163. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  164. Mumo Castle
  165. Murakami Kamei Castle
  166. Murakami Kemurino Castle
  167. Murakami Kokuzousan Castle
  168. Murakami Monomi Castle
  169. Murakami Takatsuya Castle
  170. Murakami Torikoya Castle
  171. Murakami Tsumi Castle
  172. Murakami Wagou Castle
  173. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  174. Mutsu Obama Castle
  175. Myogi Castle
  176. Nabekura Castle
  177. Naegi Castle
  178. Nagabayashi Fort
  179. Nagakubo Castle
  180. Nagurumi Castle
  181. Nakagusuku Castle
  182. Nakatou Castle
  183. Nakijin Castle
  184. Nanao Castle
  185. Narisawa Castle
  186. Nata Castle
  187. Negoya Castle
  188. Nihonmatsu Castle
  189. Niitakayama Castle
  190. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  191. Nirayama Castle
  192. Nishijo Castle
  193. Nishikata Castle
  194. Nochiseyama Castle
  195. Numata Castle
  196. Obiki Castle
  197. Odani Castle
  198. Oeda Castle
  199. Ogimachi Castle
  200. Ogoe Castle
  201. Ogura Castle
  202. Ogyu Castle
  203. Ohga Castle
  204. Ohikemurayama Castle
  205. Ohmine Castle
  206. Oka Castle
  207. Oko Castle
  208. Omi Castle
  209. Omifuru Castle
  210. Omori Castle
  211. Oniba Castle
  212. Ono Castle
  213. Oogo Castle
  214. Ori Castle
  215. Owari Asahi Castle
  216. Rikan Castle
  217. Ryusenji Castle
  218. Saimyoji Castle
  219. Sakurasawa Fort
  220. Sanada Chifuruya Castle
  221. Sanada Isezaki Castle
  222. Sanada Negoya Castle
  223. Sanada Seba Castle
  224. Sanada Yazawa Castle
  225. Sanada Yazawashi Castle
  226. Sanadahonjo Castle
  227. Sannohe Castle
  228. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  229. Sasao Castle
  230. Sashiki Castle
  231. Sasou Castle
  232. Sawayama Castle
  233. Sekidosan Castle
  234. Sendai Castle
  235. Shigiyama Castle
  236. Shimotsui Castle
  237. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  238. Shioda Castle
  239. Shiozaki Castle
  240. Shiozakishin Castle
  241. Shirasawa Fort
  242. Shiratori Castle
  243. Shishiku Castle
  244. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  245. Suwa Imori Castle
  246. Suwa Kami Castle
  247. Suwa Osaka Castle
  248. Suwa Owa Castle
  249. Suwa Sakura Castle
  250. Suwa Shimo Castle
  251. Suwa Takagi Castle
  252. Suwa Takei Castle
  253. Suwahara Castle
  254. Tage Castle
  255. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  256. Takaharasuwa Castle
  257. Takahata Castle
  258. Takai Hakoyama Castle
  259. Takane Castle
  260. Takao Castle
  261. Takatenjin Castle
  262. Takatome Castle
  263. Takatori Castle
  264. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  265. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  266. Takeda Castle
  267. Takei Castle
  268. Taki Castle
  269. Takiyama Castle
  270. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  271. Tatsuno Castle
  272. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  273. Tenpaku Castle
  274. Terao Chausuyama Castle
  275. Terao Naka Castle
  276. Teshiro Castle
  277. Teusuyama Fort
  278. Tobayama Castle
  279. Toishi Castle
  280. Toishi Iizuna Castle
  281. Tokiwa Castle
  282. Tokura Castle
  283. Torigoe Castle
  284. Tottori Castle
  285. Tounohara Castle
  286. Tsukui Castle
  287. Tsumagi Castle
  288. Tsumago Castle
  289. Tsuneyama Castle
  290. Tsuwano Castle
  291. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  292. Uehara Castle
  293. Uenodan Castle
  294. Uenoyama Castle
  295. Ueshi Castle
  296. Washio Castle
  297. Washizu Fort
  298. Yagi Castle
  299. Yamabe Castle
  300. Yamabukiko Castle
  301. Yamabukioh Castle
  302. Yamabukiyama Noroshidai
  303. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  304. Yamana Castle
  305. Yamanaka Castle
  306. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  307. Yamazaki Castle
  308. Yashima Castle
  309. Yashiro Castle
  310. Yato Castle
  311. Yogaisan Castle
  312. Yokoyairi Fort
  313. Yokoyama Castle
  314. Yumurayama Castle
  315. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  316. Yuzawa Castle
  317. Yuzuki Castle
  318. Zakimi Castle
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