Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Akozu Castle
  2. Akutagawasan Castle
  3. Amagajo
  4. Aoyagi Castle
  5. Aoyama Castle
  6. Arato Castle
  7. Arikoyama Castle
  8. Asaba Castle
  9. Ashigara Castle
  10. Asuke Castle
  11. Aya Castle
  12. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  13. Chihaya Castle
  14. Echizen Ohno Castle
  15. Funaoka Castle
  16. Futamata Castle
  17. Futoge Castle
  18. Ganjaku Castle
  19. Gassan Toda Castle
  20. Gifu Castle
  21. Gobara Castle
  22. Gokan Castle
  23. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  24. Hachioji Castle
  25. Haga Castle
  26. Haibara Castle
  27. Hakusan Castle
  28. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  29. Hamada Castle
  30. Hanazono Castle
  31. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  32. Hasedo Castle
  33. Hayashikojo Castle
  34. Hayashiohjo Castle
  35. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  36. Hyakusaiji Castle
  37. Ichijodani Castle
  38. Ichinomiya Castle
  39. Inaniwa Castle
  40. Inukai Castle
  41. Ioyama Castle
  42. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  43. Isobe Castle
  44. Iwabitsu Castle
  45. Iwadono Castle
  46. Iwakuni Castle
  47. Iwamura Castle
  48. Iwaseyama Castle
  49. Iwaya Castle
  50. Jofukuji Castle
  51. Kakunodate Castle
  52. Kamitohno Castle
  53. Kanaiyama Castle
  54. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  55. Kanayama Castle
  56. Kanegasaki Castle
  57. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  58. Kannonji Castle
  59. Karakai Castle
  60. Karasawayama Castle
  61. Karasuyama Castle
  62. Kasama Castle
  63. Kaseyama Castle
  64. Kasugayama Castle
  65. Kasumi Castle
  66. Katsunuma Castle
  67. Katsuren Castle
  68. Kawamura Castle
  69. Kawanoe Castle
  70. Kazurayama Castle
  71. Kikuchi Castle
  72. Kinojo
  73. Kirihara Castle
  74. Komaki Castle
  75. Konomine Castle
  76. Konosumiyama Castle
  77. Koshigoe Castle
  78. Kuma Castle
  79. Kurobane Castle
  80. Kururi Castle
  81. Kuwabara Castle
  82. Mariko Castle
  83. Masugatayama Castle
  84. Matsuida Castle
  85. Matsukura Castle
  86. Matsuo Castle
  87. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  88. Miharu Castle
  1. Minagawa Castle
  2. Moriyama Castle
  3. Motosu Castle
  4. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  5. Mumo Castle
  6. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  7. Mutsu Obama Castle
  8. Nabekura Castle
  9. Naegi Castle
  10. Nagakubo Castle
  11. Nagurumi Castle
  12. Nakagusuku Castle
  13. Nakijin Castle
  14. Nanao Castle
  15. Narisawa Castle
  16. Nihonmatsu Castle
  17. Niitakayama Castle
  18. Nirayama Castle
  19. Nochiseyama Castle
  20. Numata Castle
  21. Obiki Castle
  22. Odani Castle
  23. Oeda Castle
  24. Ogimachi Castle
  25. Ogoe Castle
  26. Ogura Castle
  27. Oka Castle
  28. Oko Castle
  29. Omori Castle
  30. Ono Castle
  31. Oogo Castle
  32. Ori Castle
  33. Rikan Castle
  34. Saimyoji Castle
  35. Sanadahonjo Castle
  36. Sannohe Castle
  37. Sasao Castle
  38. Sashiki Castle
  39. Sendai Castle
  40. Shigiyama Castle
  41. Shimotsui Castle
  42. Shiratori Castle
  43. Shishiku Castle
  44. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  45. Suwahara Castle
  46. Tage Castle
  47. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  48. Takane Castle
  49. Takatenjin Castle
  50. Takatome Castle
  51. Takatori Castle
  52. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  53. Takeda Castle
  54. Taki Castle
  55. Takiyama Castle
  56. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  57. Tatsuno Castle
  58. Tenpaku Castle
  59. Tobayama Castle
  60. Toishi Castle
  61. Tokiwa Castle
  62. Tokura Castle
  63. Torigoe Castle
  64. Tottori Castle
  65. Tsukui Castle
  66. Tsumagi Castle
  67. Tsumago Castle
  68. Tsuneyama Castle
  69. Tsuwano Castle
  70. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  71. Uehara Castle
  72. Ueshi Castle
  73. Washio Castle
  74. Yagi Castle
  75. Yamabe Castle
  76. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  77. Yamanaka Castle
  78. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  79. Yamazaki Castle
  80. Yashima Castle
  81. Yato Castle
  82. Yogaisan Castle
  83. Yokoyama Castle
  84. Yumurayama Castle
  85. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  86. Yuzawa Castle
  87. Yuzuki Castle
  88. Zakimi Castle


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