Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arashi Castle
  8. Arato Castle
  9. Arayama Castle
  10. Arikoyama Castle
  11. Aruga Castle
  12. Asaba Castle
  13. Asahi Castle
  14. Ashigara Castle
  15. Asuke Castle
  16. Aya Castle
  17. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  18. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  19. Azumi Ogiwara Castle
  20. Azumi Ogura Castle
  21. Azumi Oshino Castle
  22. Azumi Taya Castle
  23. Bingo Kouyama Castle
  24. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  25. Chausudate
  26. Chihaya Castle
  27. Chikuma Chausuyama Castle
  28. Chikuma Koya Castle
  29. Chikuma Motoyama Castle
  30. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  31. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  32. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  33. Chikuma Tazawa Castle
  34. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  35. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  36. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  37. Echizen Ohno Castle
  38. Egawa Fort
  39. Funaoka Castle
  40. Funaokayama Castle
  41. Funayama Castle
  42. Futamata Castle
  43. Futoge Castle
  44. Futoh'yama Castle
  45. Ganjaku Castle
  46. Gassan Toda Castle
  47. Gifu Castle
  48. Gobara Castle
  49. Gokan Castle
  50. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  51. Hachikenchōja Castle
  52. Hachioji Castle
  53. Haga Castle
  54. Hagikura Fort
  55. Haibara Castle
  56. Hakusan Castle
  57. Hamada Castle
  58. Hanazono Castle
  59. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  60. Hanishina Terao Castle
  61. Harima Hakusan Castle
  62. Hasedo Castle
  63. Hatayama Castle
  64. Hatsuzawa Castle
  65. Hayaotoshi Castle
  66. Hayashikojo Castle
  67. Hayashiohjo Castle
  68. Hida Kojima Castle
  69. Hikaru Castle
  70. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  71. Hirase Castle
  72. Hirase Kitano Castle
  73. Hisawa Castle
  74. Hishakuyama Castle
  75. Hitachi Yamagata Castle
  76. Hiyama Castle
  77. Houshouji Fort
  78. Hyakusaiji Castle
  79. Ibuka Castle
  80. Ichijodani Castle
  81. Ichinomiya Castle
  82. Iinawa Castle
  83. Ina Konishi Castle
  84. Ina Korin Castle
  85. Ina Nagayama Castle
  86. Ina Ryuugasaki Castle
  87. Ina Wada Castle
  88. Inaniwa Castle
  89. Inukai Castle
  90. Ioyama Castle
  91. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  92. Isobe Castle
  93. Iwabitsu Castle
  94. Iwadono Castle
  95. Iwakiri Castle
  96. Iwakuni Castle
  97. Iwamura Castle
  98. Iwaseyama Castle
  99. Iwaya Castle
  100. Izu Moriyama Castle
  101. Izu Ohdairashin Castle
  102. Jofukuji Castle
  103. Kaesa Castle
  104. Kakunodate Castle
  105. Kamagatake Castle
  106. Kamitohno Castle
  107. Kamogatake Castle
  108. Kanaiyama Castle
  109. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  110. Kanayama Castle
  111. Kanegasaki Castle
  112. Kannonji Castle
  113. Karakai Castle
  114. Karasaki Castle
  115. Karasawayama Castle
  116. Karasuyama Castle
  117. Kasama Castle
  118. Kasane Castle
  119. Kaseyama Castle
  120. Kasugayama Castle
  121. Kasumi Castle
  122. Katsunuma Castle
  123. Katsuren Castle
  124. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  125. Kawamura Castle
  126. Kawanoe Castle
  127. Kazurayama Castle
  128. Kikuchi Castle
  129. Kinojo
  130. Kirihara Castle
  131. Kiso Fukushima Castle
  132. Kiso Komaruyama Castle
  133. Koiwatake Castle
  134. Komaki Castle
  135. Konosumiyama Castle
  136. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  137. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  138. Koshigoe Castle
  139. Kouka Aoki Castle
  140. Kounomine Castle
  141. Kouzuke Niiya Castle
  142. Kouzuke Warabi Castle
  143. Kuma Castle
  144. Kunou Castle
  145. Kurobane Castle
  146. Kuroi Castle
  147. Kururi Castle
  148. Kuwabara Castle
  149. Kuwagatahara Fort
  150. Magome Castle
  151. Manago Castle
  152. Mariko Castle
  153. Marune Fort
  154. Masugatayama Castle
  155. Matsudaira Castle
  156. Matsuida Castle
  157. Matsukura Castle
  158. Matsuo Castle
  159. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  160. Meiseireijin Fort
  161. Michibayashi Fort
  162. Miharu Castle
  163. Minagawa Castle
  164. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  165. Minami Majino Castle
  166. Minochi Masugata Castle
  167. Miyahara Castle
  168. Mizuban Castle
  169. Moriyama Castle
  170. Motosu Castle
  171. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  172. Mumo Castle
  173. Murakami Hime Castle
  174. Murakami Iwasaki Castle
  175. Murakami Kamei Castle
  176. Murakami Katsurao Castle
  177. Murakami Kemurino Castle
  178. Murakami Kokuzousan Castle
  179. Murakami Monomi Castle
  180. Murakami Takatsuya Castle
  181. Murakami Torikoya Castle
  182. Murakami Tsumi Castle
  183. Murakami Wagou Castle
  184. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  185. Musashi Tenjin'yama Castle
  186. Mutsu Kaneyama Castle
  187. Mutsu Obama Castle
  188. Myougi Castle
  189. Nabekura Castle
  190. Naegi Castle
  191. Nagabayashi Fort
  192. Nagakubo Castle
  193. Nagato Aoyama Castle
  194. Nagato Katsuyama Castle
  195. Nagato Kouyama Castle
  196. Nagaune Fort
  197. Nagurumi Castle
  198. Nakagusuku Castle
  199. Nakatou Castle
  200. Nakijin Castle
  201. Nanao Castle
  202. Narisawa Castle
  203. Nata Castle
  204. Negoya Castle
  205. Nihonmatsu Castle
  206. Niitakayama Castle
  207. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  208. Nirayama Castle
  209. Nishijou Castle
  210. Nishikata Castle
  211. Nochiseyama Castle
  212. Numata Castle
  213. Obiki Castle
  214. Odani Castle
  215. Ogimachi Castle
  216. Ogoe Castle
  217. Ogura Castle
  218. Ogyu Castle
  219. Oh'eda Castle
  220. Oh'ikemurayama Castle
  221. Ohdate
  222. Ohga Castle
  223. Ohmine Castle
  224. Ohmori Castle
  225. Oka Castle
  226. Oko Castle
  227. Omi Castle
  228. Omifuru Castle
  229. Oniba Castle
  230. Ono Castle
  231. Oogo Castle
  232. Ori Castle
  233. Owari Asahi Castle
  234. Rikan Castle
  235. Ryuusenji Castle
  236. Saimyouji Castle
  237. Sakurasawa Fort
  238. Sanada Chifuruya Castle
  239. Sanada Isezaki Castle
  240. Sanada Negoya Castle
  241. Sanada Seba Castle
  242. Sanada Yazawa Castle
  243. Sanada Yazawashi Castle
  244. Sanadahonjo Castle
  245. Sannohe Castle
  246. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  247. Sasao Castle
  248. Sashiki Castle
  249. Sasou Castle
  250. Sawayama Castle
  251. Sekidousan Castle
  252. Sendai Castle
  253. Shigiyama Castle
  254. Shimotsui Castle
  255. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  256. Shioda Castle
  257. Shiozaki Castle
  258. Shiozakishin Castle
  259. Shirasawa Fort
  260. Shiratori Castle
  261. Shishiku Castle
  262. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  263. Suou Nagayama Castle
  264. Suwa Imori Castle
  265. Suwa Kami Castle
  266. Suwa Osaka Castle
  267. Suwa Owa Castle
  268. Suwa Sakura Castle
  269. Suwa Shimo Castle
  270. Suwa Takagi Castle
  271. Suwa Takei Castle
  272. Suwahara Castle
  273. Tage Castle
  274. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  275. Takaharasuwa Castle
  276. Takahata Castle
  277. Takai Hakoyama Castle
  278. Takane Castle
  279. Takao Castle
  280. Takatenjin Castle
  281. Takatome Castle
  282. Takatori Castle
  283. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  284. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  285. Takeda Castle
  286. Takei Castle
  287. Taki Castle
  288. Takiyama Castle
  289. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  290. Tatsuno Castle
  291. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  292. Tenpaku Castle
  293. Terao Chausuyama Castle
  294. Terao Naka Castle
  295. Teshiro Castle
  296. Teusuyama Fort
  297. Tobayama Castle
  298. Toishi Castle
  299. Toishi Iizuna Castle
  300. Tokiwa Castle
  301. Tokura Castle
  302. Torigoe Castle
  303. Tottori Castle
  304. Tounohara Castle
  305. Tsukui Castle
  306. Tsumagi Castle
  307. Tsumago Castle
  308. Tsuneyama Castle
  309. Tsuwano Castle
  310. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  311. Uehara Castle
  312. Uenodan Castle
  313. Uenoyama Castle
  314. Ueshi Castle
  315. Wakimoto Castle
  316. Washio Castle
  317. Washizu Fort
  318. Yagi Castle
  319. Yahatayama Fort
  320. Yamabe Castle
  321. Yamabukiko Castle
  322. Yamabukioh Castle
  323. Yamabukiyama Noroshidai
  324. Yamana Castle
  325. Yamanaka Castle
  326. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  327. Yamazaki Castle
  328. Yashima Castle
  329. Yashiro Castle
  330. Yato Castle
  331. Yogaisan Castle
  332. Yokoyairi Fort
  333. Yokoyama Castle
  334. Yumurayama Castle
  335. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  336. Yuzawa Castle
  337. Yuzuki Castle
  338. Zakimi Castle
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