Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arashi Castle
  8. Arato Castle
  9. Arayama Castle
  10. Arikoyama Castle
  11. Aruga Castle
  12. Asaba Castle
  13. Asahi Castle
  14. Ashigara Castle
  15. Asuke Castle
  16. Aya Castle
  17. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  18. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  19. Azumi Taya Castle
  20. Bingo Kouyama Castle
  21. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  22. Chihaya Castle
  23. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  24. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  25. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  26. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  27. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  28. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  29. Echizen Ohno Castle
  30. Funaoka Castle
  31. Funaokayama Castle
  32. Funayama Castle
  33. Futamata Castle
  34. Futoge Castle
  35. Futohyama Castle
  36. Ganjaku Castle
  37. Gassan Toda Castle
  38. Gifu Castle
  39. Gobara Castle
  40. Gokan Castle
  41. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  42. Hachikenchōja Castle
  43. Hachioji Castle
  44. Haga Castle
  45. Hagikura Fort
  46. Haibara Castle
  47. Hakusan Castle
  48. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  49. Hamada Castle
  50. Hanazono Castle
  51. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  52. Hanishina Terao Castle
  53. Hasedo Castle
  54. Hatayama Castle
  55. Hatsuzawa Castle
  56. Hayaotoshi Castle
  57. Hayashikojo Castle
  58. Hayashiohjo Castle
  59. Hida Kojima Castle
  60. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  61. Hirase Castle
  62. Hisawa Castle
  63. Hishakuyama Castle
  64. Hyakusaiji Castle
  65. Ibuka Castle
  66. Ichijodani Castle
  67. Ichinomiya Castle
  68. Iinawa Castle
  69. Ina Korin Castle
  70. Inaniwa Castle
  71. Inukai Castle
  72. Ioyama Castle
  73. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  74. Isobe Castle
  75. Iwabitsu Castle
  76. Iwadono Castle
  77. Iwakuni Castle
  78. Iwamura Castle
  79. Iwaseyama Castle
  80. Iwaya Castle
  81. Jofukuji Castle
  82. Kakunodate Castle
  83. Kamitohno Castle
  84. Kanaiyama Castle
  85. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  86. Kanayama Castle
  87. Kanegasaki Castle
  88. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  89. Kannonji Castle
  90. Karakai Castle
  91. Karasawayama Castle
  92. Karasuyama Castle
  93. Kasama Castle
  94. Kasane Castle
  95. Kaseyama Castle
  96. Kasugayama Castle
  97. Kasumi Castle
  98. Katsunuma Castle
  99. Katsuren Castle
  100. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  101. Kawamura Castle
  102. Kawanoe Castle
  103. Kazurayama Castle
  104. Kikuchi Castle
  105. Kinojo
  106. Kirihara Castle
  107. Kiso Fukushima Castle
  108. Kiso Komaruyama Castle
  109. Koiwatake Castle
  110. Koka-Aoki Castle
  111. Komaki Castle
  112. Konomine Castle
  113. Konosumiyama Castle
  114. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  115. Koshigoe Castle
  116. Kuma Castle
  117. Kurobane Castle
  118. Kuroi Castle
  119. Kururi Castle
  120. Kuwabara Castle
  121. Kuwagatahara Fort
  122. Magome Castle
  123. Manago Castle
  124. Mariko Castle
  125. Marune Fort
  126. Masugatayama Castle
  127. Matsudaira Castle
  128. Matsuida Castle
  129. Matsukura Castle
  130. Matsuo Castle
  131. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  132. Miharu Castle
  133. Minagawa Castle
  134. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  135. Minami Majino Castle
  136. Minochi Masugata Castle
  137. Miyahara Castle
  138. Mizuban Castle
  139. Moriyama Castle
  140. Motosu Castle
  141. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  142. Mumo Castle
  143. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  144. Mutsu Obama Castle
  145. Myogi Castle
  146. Nabekura Castle
  147. Naegi Castle
  148. Nagabayashi Fort
  149. Nagakubo Castle
  150. Nagurumi Castle
  151. Nakagusuku Castle
  152. Nakatou Castle
  153. Nakijin Castle
  154. Nanao Castle
  155. Narisawa Castle
  156. Nata Castle
  157. Negoya Castle
  158. Nihonmatsu Castle
  159. Niitakayama Castle
  160. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  161. Nirayama Castle
  162. Nishijo Castle
  163. Nishikata Castle
  164. Nochiseyama Castle
  165. Numata Castle
  166. Obiki Castle
  167. Odani Castle
  168. Oeda Castle
  169. Ogimachi Castle
  170. Ogoe Castle
  171. Ogura Castle
  172. Ogyu Castle
  173. Ohga Castle
  174. Ohikemurayama Castle
  175. Ohmine Castle
  176. Oka Castle
  177. Oko Castle
  178. Omori Castle
  179. Oniba Castle
  180. Ono Castle
  181. Oogo Castle
  182. Ori Castle
  183. Owari Asahi Castle
  184. Rikan Castle
  185. Ryusenji Castle
  186. Saimyoji Castle
  187. Sanadahonjo Castle
  188. Sannohe Castle
  189. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  190. Sasao Castle
  191. Sashiki Castle
  192. Sasou Castle
  193. Sawayama Castle
  194. Sekidosan Castle
  195. Sendai Castle
  196. Shigiyama Castle
  197. Shimotsui Castle
  198. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  199. Shiozaki Castle
  200. Shiozakishin Castle
  201. Shiratori Castle
  202. Shishiku Castle
  203. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  204. Suwa Imori Castle
  205. Suwa Kami Castle
  206. Suwa Osaka Castle
  207. Suwa Owa Castle
  208. Suwa Sakura Castle
  209. Suwa Shimo Castle
  210. Suwa Takagi Castle
  211. Suwa Takei Castle
  212. Suwahara Castle
  213. Tage Castle
  214. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  215. Takaharasuwa Castle
  216. Takahata Castle
  217. Takane Castle
  218. Takao Castle
  219. Takatenjin Castle
  220. Takatome Castle
  221. Takatori Castle
  222. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  223. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  224. Takeda Castle
  225. Takei Castle
  226. Taki Castle
  227. Takiyama Castle
  228. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  229. Tatsuno Castle
  230. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  231. Tenpaku Castle
  232. Terao Chausuyama Castle
  233. Terao Naka Castle
  234. Teusuyama Fort
  235. Tobayama Castle
  236. Toishi Castle
  237. Tokiwa Castle
  238. Tokura Castle
  239. Torigoe Castle
  240. Tottori Castle
  241. Tsukui Castle
  242. Tsumagi Castle
  243. Tsumago Castle
  244. Tsuneyama Castle
  245. Tsuwano Castle
  246. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  247. Uehara Castle
  248. Uenodan Castle
  249. Ueshi Castle
  250. Washio Castle
  251. Washizu Fort
  252. Yagi Castle
  253. Yamabe Castle
  254. Yamabukiko Castle
  255. Yamabukioh Castle
  256. Yamabukiyama Noroshidai
  257. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  258. Yamana Castle
  259. Yamanaka Castle
  260. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  261. Yamazaki Castle
  262. Yashima Castle
  263. Yato Castle
  264. Yogaisan Castle
  265. Yokoyairi Fort
  266. Yokoyama Castle
  267. Yumurayama Castle
  268. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  269. Yuzawa Castle
  270. Yuzuki Castle
  271. Zakimi Castle
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