Suwahara Castle was founded by Takeda Katsuyori in 1573 along with nearby Koyama Castle to further his campaigns against Tokugawa in the West. In 1575, Tokugawa used the momentum from his win against the Takeda at Nagashino to conquer Suwahara Castle too. Suwahara Castle was renamed Makino Castle and used as the Tokugawa's base of operations against the Takeda in this area including the battle for Takatenjin Castle in 1581. After Tokugawa moved to the Kanto area (Tokyo), Suwahara Castle was no longer needed and was abandoned in 1590. Suwahara Castle is considered a great example of Takeda castle construction. It has steep natural cliffs on one side that open up onto a flat plain that is protected by several moats and maru umadashi style entrances.
This castle is a favorite among castle fans and I can see why. Nearly all the castle grounds are well preserved. There are many deep moats and you can easily imagine what this kind of Sengoku Period mountaintop castle was like. Part of the old Tokaido Road runs near the castle so take a walk along the old stone paved road and around the fields of tea bushes. I suggest you stop by the tourist information center at Kanaya Station before you go out. They have maps of several trails through the area that you can enjoy.
|English Name||Suwahara Castle|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Designations||Next 100 Castles, National Historic Site|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Access||Kanaya Sta. (Tokaido Line); 20 min walk|
|Location||Kikugawa, Shizuoka Prefecture|
|Coordinates||34° 49' 4", 138° 7' 13"|
|Visits||October 11, 2010|
|Added to Jcastle||2010|