Kawajirijō was built in 1424 by Okudaira Sadatoshi. It was originally the Okudaira Clan’s headquarters until the construction of Kameyamajō to the south; thereafter Kawajirijō became a satellite fortification of that castle. The construction of the two castles took place only about eight months apart, so Kawajirijō alone must’ve proved insufficient for the clan’s needs.
See also: Kameyama Castle (Mikawa)
Kawajirijō is a hilltop fort ruin in Tsukude Village, Shinshiro Municipality. Features include dorui (earthen ramparts), kuruwa (baileys) and trenches. There is also a (speculatively) reconstructed kabukimon (a type of gateway without doors) and what looks to be babōsaku, a latticework palisade. The site has previously been maintained as part of a park, but it was a little neglected in parts when I visited.
Kawajirijō has an irregular concentric layout with a large main bailey surrounded below by terracing of the hillside to form a sub-bailey. A kabukimon and palings are found in the lower ring bailey. The main bailey is partially ensconced by dorui. It is quite spacious and, curiously, there is a hillock, perhaps representing the peak of the natural hill, now used as a religious space with several altars and a memorial stele for the war dead. My impression was that there used to be a temple in the bailey at some point. There is also what I took for a lower bailey, used as an orchid, with what look like dorui lining one side. A holler runs below, cutting off the hill from more elevation beyond; I only guess but perhaps there was a trench cutting here.
|English Name||Kawajiri Castle|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Artifacts||Karabori, Dorui, Kuruwa, Kabukimon, &c.|
|Visitor Information||24/7; Free; Park|
|Time Required||40 minutes|
|Location||Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture|
|Coordinates||34° 58' 53.47" N, 137° 25' 44.83" E|
|Added to Jcastle||2023|
|Admin Year Visited||Viewer Contributed|
|Friends of JCastle|
|Nippon Shiro Meguri|