Kawamura Castle

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Records for Kawamura Castle date back to the late Heian Period, but it is not known exactly when the castle was built. In 1353 the Kawamura were defeated by Hatakeyama Kunikiyo and several different lords ruled over the castle until it came under the control of the Odawara Hojo. The Hojo fortified the castle into what you see today. The unebori, or raised ridges, you see on some of the moats are typical Hojo devices. Kawamura Castle was an important fortification in the their network of castles that faced off against Takeda Shingen. The castle fell to Hideyoshi in the Battle of Odawara in 1590 and was abandoned.

The unebori, ridged moats, at Kawamura Castle are incredible. Nearly all the trenches have them. If you zoom in on the Google map you can even see them in the satellite imagery. These ridges make it more difficult to traverse the trenches. If they fill with water, even more so.

Visit Notes

In the southwest corner of the Honjo Bailey (本城郭) , deep left as you enter it, there is a path leading to several other baileys and horikiri trenches. The trail itself is not marked so it's easy to miss it. Don't blindly go on to the bridge but visit this section first. It's highly recommended. Yamakita Station is also famous for cherry blossoms. Try to visit in the spring if you can.

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  • Chausu Bailey unebori moat
  • Path to the Chausu Bailey
  • Unebori moat
  • Path to the Honjo Bailey
  • Unebori Moat
  • Unebori viewed from above
  • Chausu Bailey
  • Unebori between the Small Bailey and the Honjo Bailey
  • Honjo Bailey
  • Honjo Bailey
  • View from the Honjo Bailey
  • Unebori moat
  • Umadashi Bailey
  • Horikiri
  • West Bailey
  • North Bailey
  • Horikiri Moat after the North Bailey
  • Small bailey
  • Horikiri and bridge
  • Horikiri and bridge
  • Honjo Bailey
  • Kondo Bailey under construction
  • Kondo Bailey and horikiri
  • Kura Bailey
  • Kondo Bailey
  • Ohniwa Bailey
  • Extension from the Ohniwa Bailey
  • Trail entering the castle
  • View
  • Map

Castle Profile
English Name Kawamura Castle
Japanese Name 河村城
Founder Kawamura
Year Founded late Heian Period (794-1185)
Castle Type Mountaintop
Castle Condition Ruins only
Designations Prefectural Historic Site
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Features trenches
Visitor Information
Access Yamakita Sta. (Gotenba Line), 10 min walk
Visitor Information Hiking trails open any time.
Time Required 75 mins
Website http://www.town.yamakita.kanagawa.jp/contents detail.php?co=cat&frmId=1056&frmCd=1-9-5-0-0
Location Yamakita, Kanagawa Prefecture
Coordinates 35° 21' 20.81" N, 139° 4' 37.74" E
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Added to Jcastle 2014
Admin Year Visited 2014
Admin Visits April 13, 2014

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