Mountaintop

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Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles
  1. Ahoyama Castle
  2. Aimiyamamonomi Fort
  3. Akechi Osayama Castle
  4. Akiba Fort (Azumi)
  5. Akiba Fort (Ina)
  6. Akiyoshi Fort
  7. Akozu Castle
  8. Akutagawasan Castle
  9. Amabiki Castle
  10. Amagajo
  11. Amanari Castle
  12. Ametoya Castle
  13. Amidagamine Castle (Yamashiro)
  14. Aoiyama Castle
  15. Aoki Castle (Azumi)
  16. Aoyagi Castle
  17. Aoyama Castle
  18. Aoyama Castle (Nagato)
  19. Ara Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  20. Araihara Castle
  21. Arashi Castle
  22. Arato Castle
  23. Aratoshou Castle
  24. Arayama Castle
  25. Arikoyama Castle
  26. Aruga Castle
  27. Asaba Castle
  28. Asahi Castle (Chikuma)
  29. Asahi Castle (Minochi)
  30. Asahi Castle (Owari)
  31. Asahiyama Castle
  32. Asahiyama Castle (Kai)
  33. Asaka Castle (Chikuma)
  34. Ashigara Castle
  35. Ashigara Teraba Fort
  36. Asou Castle (Mikawa)
  37. Asouko Castle (Mikawa)
  38. Asuke Castle
  39. Atagoyama Noroshidai
  40. Aya Castle
  41. Ayukawa Castle (Koka)
  42. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  43. Busetsu Castle
  44. Chausudate
  45. Chausuyama Castle (Chikuma)
  46. Chausuyama Castle (Nukata)
  47. Chausuyama Castle (Shinano)
  48. Chifuruya Castle (Sanada)
  49. Chihaya Castle
  50. Chikatou Fort
  51. Chinen Castle
  52. Daikan'yama Fort
  53. Damine Castle
  54. Deura Castle
  55. Do Castle (Mikawa)
  56. Dokanyama
  57. Dokyou Castle
  58. Dousawa Fort
  59. Eboshigata Castle
  60. Echizen Ohno Castle
  61. Egawa Fort
  62. Enryakuji
  63. Enryakuji Amidadou Fort
  64. Enryakuji Higashitani Fort
  65. Enryakuji Joudoin Fort
  66. Enryakuji Kitatani Fort
  67. Enryakuji Monjurou Fort
  68. Enryakuji Nishitani Fort
  69. Enryakuji Shakadou Fort
  70. Fujikawa Castle (Mikawa)
  71. Fukayama Castle (Suruga)
  72. Fukushima Castle (Kiso)
  73. Fukutake Castle (Chikuzen)
  74. Fumimichi Castle
  75. Funaoka Castle
  76. Funaokayama Castle
  77. Funayama Castle
  78. Funayama Castle (Mikawa)
  79. Furujouyama Castle (Hanishina)
  80. Fusou Castle (Mikawa)
  81. Fusumada Castle
  82. Futae Castle (Azumi)
  83. Futamata Castle
  84. Futoge Castle
  85. Futoh'yama Castle
  86. Gakiyama Noroshidai
  87. Ganjaku Castle
  88. Ganryakuji Castle
  89. Gassan Toda Castle
  90. Genbao Castle
  91. Gentairi Castle
  92. Gifu Castle
  93. Gobara Castle
  94. Gokan Castle
  95. Goryu Castle
  96. Gouda Fort
  97. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  98. Hachikenchōja Castle
  99. Hachiman'yama Castle (Tanba)
  100. Hachioji Castle
  101. Hadanashi Castle
  102. Hadanashiyama Castle
  103. Haga Castle
  104. Hagikura Fort
  105. Haibara Castle
  106. Haiyama Castle
  107. Hakota Castle (Kozuke)
  108. Hakoyama Castle (Takai)
  109. Hakusan Castle
  110. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  111. Hamada Castle
  112. Hanagoya Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  113. Hanaoka Castle (Azumi)
  114. Hanaoka Castle (Saku)
  115. Hanasaki Castle (Tsuru)
  116. Hanazono Castle
  117. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  118. Haneo Castle
  119. Haruyamako Castle
  120. Haruyamaoh Castle
  121. Hasedo Castle
  122. Hatayama Castle
  123. Hatsuzawa Castle
  124. Hayaotoshi Castle
  125. Hayashikojo Castle
  126. Hayashiohjo Castle
  127. Hieinoyama Fort
  128. Higashijou Castle (Chikuma)
  129. Hijika Castle
  130. Hijiyama Castle (Iga)
  131. Hikaru Castle
  132. Hiki Castle
  133. Hikida Castle
  134. Hime Castle (Chikuma)
  135. Hime Castle (Hanishina)
  136. Himega Castle (Mikawa)
  137. Hinohara Castle
  138. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  139. Hirakura Castle
  140. Hirase Castle
  141. Hirase Kitano Castle
  142. Hirase Noroshidai
  143. Hirose Castle (Hida)
  144. Hisawa Castle
  145. Hishakuyama Castle
  146. Hitomoshi Castle (Saku)
  147. Hitomoshiyama Fort (Suwa)
  148. Hiyama Castle
  149. Hokkyu Castle
  150. Hoshigasaki Castle
  151. Hoshina Maenoyama Fort
  152. Hosokawagonsui Castle
  153. Hosokawashiroyama Castle
  154. Houshouji Fort
  155. Hyakusaiji Castle
  156. Ibarayama Castle
  157. Ibayama Castle
  158. Ibikitagata Castle
  159. Ibuka Castle
  160. Ichigousan Castle
  161. Ichijodani Castle
  162. Ichijodani Kojo Castle
  163. Ichijodaniyama Castle
  164. Ichijojiyama Castle
  165. Ichinodaira Castle (Ina)
  166. Ichinomiya Castle
  167. Iida Castle (Azumi)
  168. Iimori Castle
  169. Iimori Castle (Azumi)
  170. Iinawa Castle
  171. Iinoya Castle
  172. Iizuna Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  173. Ikeda Castle (Mino)
  174. Ima Castle (Mino)
  175. Imori Castle (Suwa)
  176. Inaniwa Castle
  177. Inariyama Castle (Saku)
  178. Inoue Castle
  179. Inukai Castle
  180. Ioto Castle
  181. Iouji Fort
  182. Ioyama Castle
  183. Iroganeyama Fort
  184. Isezaki Castle (Sanada)
  185. Ishibayama Castle (Omi)
  186. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  187. Ishimura Castle
  188. Isobe Castle
  189. Isshiki Castle (Chita)
  190. Itagakiyama Noroshidai
  191. Iwabitsu Castle
  192. Iwadono Castle
  193. Iwahara Castle (Azumi)
  194. Iwakiri Castle
  195. Iwakuni Castle
  196. Iwakura Castle
  197. Iwamura Castle
  198. Iwasaki Castle (Hanishina)
  199. Iwaseyama Castle
  200. Iwaya Castle
  201. Iwazu Castle
  202. Izaki Castle
  203. Jikouin Fort
  204. Jinbagahara Castle
  205. Jinnoya Castle (Mikawa)
  206. Jofukuji Castle
  207. Jouhikage Fort
  208. Joumineyama Castle
  209. Juuouzan Fort
  210. Kaesa Castle
  211. Kagamiyama Fort
  212. Kagikakemonomi Fort
  213. Kaize Castle (Saku)
  214. Kake Castle (Nukata)
  215. Kakegawako Castle
  216. Kakiage Castle (Chikuma)
  217. Kakizaki Castle
  218. Kakunodate Castle
  219. Kamagatake Castle
  220. Kamaha Castle
  221. Kamei Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  222. Kameyama Castle (Kii)
  223. Kami Castle (Suwa)
  224. Kamigishimoto Castle (Omi)
  225. Kamitohno Castle
  226. Kamogatake Castle
  227. Kamomegasaki Battery (Obama Domain)
  228. Kanaiyama Castle
  229. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  230. Kanayama Castle
  231. Kanayama Castle (Echigo)
  232. Kanbara Castle
  233. Kanegasaki Castle
  234. Kaneyama Castle (Mino)
  235. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  236. Kanmuriyama Castle (Bitchu)
  237. Kannonji Castle
  238. Karakai Castle
  239. Karasaki Castle
  240. Karasawayama Castle
  241. Karasuyama Castle
  242. Karatoriya Castle
  243. Karidako Castle
  244. Karidaoh Castle
  245. Kariyahara Castle
  246. Kasama Castle
  247. Kasane Castle
  248. Kaseyama Castle
  249. Kashiwayama Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  250. Kasugayama Castle
  251. Kasumi Castle
  252. Katsumata Castle
  253. Katsunuma Castle
  254. Katsurao Castle (Hanishina)
  255. Katsurayama Castle
  256. Katsuren Castle
  257. Katsuyama Castle (Echigo)
  258. Katsuyama Castle (Nagato)
  259. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  260. Kattori Castle (Chikuma)
  261. Kawajiri Castle
  262. Kawamura Castle
  263. Kawanoe Castle
  264. Kazurayama Castle
  265. Keirozan Castle
  266. Kemi Castle (Chiisagata)
  267. Kemi Castle (Chikuma)
  268. Kemurino Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  269. Kibune Castle
  270. Kikuchi Castle
  271. Kinojo
  272. Kirarazaka Castle
  273. Kiridouzan Noroshidai
  274. Kirihara Castle
  275. Kissatsu Castle
  276. Kita Tsuda Castle
  277. Kita Wakamiko Castle
  278. Kitanosho Castle (Omi)
  279. Kitasudayama Castle (Omi)
  280. Kobushi Castle (Tsuru)
  281. Kogamine Castle (Kyoto)
  282. Kogane Castle (Mikawa)
  283. Koiwatake Castle
  284. Kojima Castle (Hida)
  285. Kokururi Castle
  286. Kokuzousan Castle (Aida)
  287. Kokuzousan Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  288. Kokuzousan Noroshidai
  289. Kokuzousanminami Fort (Aida)
  290. Kokuzousannanseioneno Castle (Aida)
  291. Kokuzousannishi Fort (Aida)
  292. Komaki Castle
  293. Komaki Castle (Chiisagata)
  294. Komakijou Ohte Fort
  295. Komakikamino Castle (Chiisagata)
  296. Komaruyama Castle (Kiso)
  297. Komaruyama Fort (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  298. Komasawa Castle
  299. Komatsu Castle (Sagami)
  300. Komatsuyama Noroshidai
  301. Komihanachi Castle
  302. Konishi Castle (Ina)
  303. Konosumiyama Castle
  304. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  305. Koraku Castle
  306. Korin Castle (Ina)
  307. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  308. Kosema Castle
  309. Koshibami Castle
  310. Koshigoe Castle
  311. Koshikou Castle (Chikuma)
  312. Kosuge Castle
  313. Koujin'o Castle
  314. Koujin'yama Castle (Ina)
  315. Koujin'yama Noroshidai
  316. Kounomine Castle
  317. Kouyama Castle (Bingo)
  318. Kouyama Castle (Nagato)
  319. Koya Castle
  320. Koya Castle (Chikuma)
  321. Koyaba Castle
  322. Kozutsumi Castle
  323. Kubo Castle (Mikawa)
  324. Kubodera Castle
  325. Kuboe Castle (Omi)
  326. Kuboyashikishi Castle (Koka)
  327. Kukuri Castle
  328. Kuma Castle
  329. Kuniyoshi Castle
  330. Kunou Castle
  331. Kurahone Castle
  332. Kurobane Castle
  333. Kuroi Castle
  334. Kurokawashi Castle (Koka)
  335. Kuruma Castle
  336. Kuruma Castle (Hanishina)
  337. Kurumayama Castle (Hanishina)
  338. Kururi Castle
  339. Kuwabara Castle
  340. Kuwagatahara Noroshidai
  341. Magome Castle
  342. Manago Castle
  343. Mariko Castle
  344. Marikoyama Fort
  345. Marune Fort
  346. Maruyama Fort (Ina)
  347. Maruyama Noroshidai (Suwa)
  348. Maruyama Noutou Castle
  349. Masugata Castle (Minochi)
  350. Masugata Castle (Musashi)
  351. Masugata Castle (Takai)
  352. Masugatayama Castle
  353. Matsudai Castle (Echigo)
  354. Matsudaira Castle
  355. Matsugasaki Castle (Yamashiro)
  356. Matsuida Castle
  357. Matsukura Castle
  358. Matsuo Castle
  359. Matsuoyama Castle
  360. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  361. Meiseireijin Fort
  362. Michibayashi Fort
  363. Michikusa Fort
  364. Miharu Castle
  365. Mikka Castle (Minochi)
  366. Mikkaichiba Castle
  367. Mikoshiyama Castle
  368. Mikumo Castle (Koka)
  369. Minagawa Castle
  370. Minakuchi Okayama Castle
  371. Minami Majino Castle
  372. Minami Tsuda Castle
  373. Minami Wakamiko Castle
  374. Minegadou Castle
  375. Misaka Castle
  376. Misayama Castle
  377. Mitake Castle (Kai)
  378. Miyahara Castle
  379. Miyaishi Castle
  380. Miyanoue Castle (Saku)
  381. Mizuban Castle
  382. Mochikoshi Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  383. Mochizuki Castle (Koka)
  384. Mochizuki Castle (Saku)
  385. Mochizukishi Castle (Koka)
  386. Moji Castle
  387. Monjuyama Castle
  388. Monomi Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  389. Moriyama Castle
  390. Moriyama Castle (Izu)
  391. Motai Castle (Hanishina)
  392. Moto Castle (Chikuma)
  393. Motodoriyama Castle
  394. Motodoriyamako Castle
  395. Motosu Castle
  396. Motoyama Castle (Chikuma)
  397. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  398. Mumo Castle
  399. Myodaiji Castle
  400. Myogi Castle
  401. Myogiyama Noroshidai
  402. Nabekura Castle
  403. Nabeyamajou Fort
  404. Naegi Castle
  405. Nagabayashi Fort
  406. Nagaikeyama Fort
  407. Nagakubo Castle
  408. Nagamine Fort
  409. Nagasawa Daikakuji Castle
  410. Nagaune Fort
  411. Nagayama Castle (Ina)
  412. Nagayama Castle (Suo)
  413. Nagurumi Castle
  414. Nakaara Castle
  415. Nakagusuku Castle
  416. Nakahokkyu Castle
  417. Nakajima Castle (Azumi)
  418. Nakajouikenotaira Fort
  419. Nakamura Castle (Azumi)
  420. Nakano Castle (Chiisagata)
  421. Nakano Castle (Kai)
  422. Nakanojin Castle
  423. Nakao Castle (Chiisagata)
  424. Nakao Castle (Yamashiro)
  425. Nakatou Castle
  426. Nakayama Fort
  427. Nakayama Fort (Mikawa)
  428. Nakayamaniyama Fort
  429. Nakijin Castle
  430. Nanao Castle
  431. Narisawa Castle
  432. Narisawa Noroshidai
  433. Narukami Castle (Chikuma)
  434. Nata Castle
  435. Natsumichi Fort
  436. Nechi Castle
  437. Nechi Kamijouyama Castle
  438. Negoya Castle
  439. Negoya Castle (Sanada)
  440. Nemoto Castle
  441. Nezumiana Castle
  442. Nihonmatsu Castle
  443. Niitakayama Castle
  444. Niiya Castle (Kouzuke)
  445. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  446. Nirayama Castle
  447. Nishi Aoki Castle
  448. Nishijou Castle
  449. Nishijou Castle (Chikuma)
  450. Nishikata Castle
  451. Nishimaki Castle (Azumi)
  452. Nishiyama Castle (Azumi)
  453. Nishiyama Castle (Chiisagata)
  454. Nochiseyama Castle
  455. Nomura Fort
  456. Norisada Castle
  457. Norisada Kobata Castle
  458. Nosezakanishi Castle
  459. Nouken Kurokoma Fort
  460. Nozaki Castle
  461. Numata Castle
  462. Nyoigatake Castle
  463. Nyunomi Castle
  464. Obama Castle (Mutsu)
  465. Obaraichiba Castle
  466. Obiki Castle
  467. Odani Castle
  468. Odano Castle (Kai)
  469. Odayama Castle (Aizu)
  470. Odoriba Fort
  471. Ogawa Castle (Koka)
  472. Ogawa Nakanojo Castle (Koka)
  473. Ogawa Nishinojo Castle (Koka)
  474. Ogimachi Castle
  475. Ogiwara Castle (Azumi)
  476. Ogoe Castle
  477. Ogura Castle
  478. Ogura Castle (Azumi)
  479. Ogyu Castle
  480. Oh'eda Castle
  481. Oh'ikemurayama Castle
  482. Ohdairashin Castle (Izu)
  483. Ohdate
  484. Ohfuji Castle
  485. Ohga Castle
  486. Ohkawarashi Castle (Koka)
  487. Ohmatsuyama Castle
  488. Ohmine Castle
  489. Ohmori Castle
  490. Ohnoda Castle (Azumi)
  491. Ohsaki Castle
  492. Ohsakide Castle
  493. Ohshio Castle (Azumi)
  494. Ohyama Dejiro
  495. Oishi Castle (Bitchu)
  496. Oka Castle
  497. Okayama Jinjiro
  498. Oko Castle
  499. Omi Castle
  500. Omifuru Castle
... further results
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