Shimohiraideko Castle (Ina)

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Shimohiraidekojō is also called Hiraidejō, or simply Kojō ('old castle'). Kamihiraidekojō, a castle site situated on elevation to the north, was a branch fortification of Ōjō, and thus the 'ko' in its name means 'small / lesser', but 'ko' meaning 'small' is homophonous with 'ko' meaning 'old'. By the way, 'shimo' means 'lower' and 'kami' means 'upper'. Both the upper and lower Hiraide castles are now locally known as Kojō, but Upper Hiraide Castle is 'small castle' and Lower Hirade Castle is 'old castle', though probably both sites were originally called 'old castle'. It's possible that the lower castle was built before the upper castle too. Furthermore, the lower castle appears to have been a flatland castle, and probably just a fortified residence, and the upper castle which makes use of elevation may have been a fortified redoubt of sorts.

See Ina Kamihiraideko Castle and Ina Ou Castle for more information. The main castle in this area was Ina Ryuugasaki Castle.

Visit Notes

Shimohiraidekojō, paired with Kamihiraidekojō to the north, is a minor and mysterious site, chiefly known locally as the site of a large zelkova tree. The root bowl of this tree is elevated, sitting about a mound of earth which trails off southward. The tree is known as the 'Old Castle Zelkova' after the ruins of the castle. It's tempting to infer, though it appears nothing is known for sure, that this mound of earth represents the remains of the earthen ramparts of this "old castle". If the direction the mound appears to run is indicative of anything, then the castle's defences would've ran parallel to the Tenryū River. The rest of the castle site is buried beneath Tatsuno Junior High School.

  • Dorui Remnant

Castle Profile
English Name Shimohiraideko Castle (Ina)
Japanese Name 伊那下平出古城
Alternate Names 古城・平出城
Founder Suwa Clan
Year Founded Medieval Era
Castle Type Flatland
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Artifacts Dorui
Visitor Information
Access Miyaki Station on the Iida Line; 5 minute walk
Visitor Information Access Limited
Time Required 5 minutes
Location Tatsuno, Nagano Prefecture
Coordinates 35° 58' 35.22" N, 137° 59' 46.43" E
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Added to Jcastle 2022
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed

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