Akasaka became Shogunal territory in 1601. Akasaka-jin’ya was administered by a daikan, Shogunal deputy, and was actually the centre of sub-fief attached to Nakaizumi-jin’ya in Tôtōmi Province. The first castellan was Nakagawa Kansuke. The site was relocated nearby in 1689 to the site in the current shukuba area; the first castellan of the new jin’ya was Ōta Yutayū. Akasaka-jin’ya was a type of jin’ya known in Aichi as a shukuba jin’ya because it was located in the centre of Akasaka-juku, a shukuba (inn town) on the Tōkaidō, Japan’s most important trade route. Two temples were located either side of the jin’ya. Nearby, also on the southern side of the road, were the honjin (main inn, for daimyō) and wakihonjin (spare main inn). In this built-up setting Akasaka-in’ya was lightly fortified and built on a slope set back from the main road. The shukuba itself had fortified gate areas in a crank layout. In the Meiji period the jin’ya was converted into the Mikawa Prefectural Office.
Akasaka-jin’ya is a jin’ya site in Akasaka Township, Toyokawa Municipality. The site is now a nursery and no ruins remain on-site. Although I did also check out a gate which is said to be a structure relocated from the jin’ya; it is the sanmon (main gate) of Hōunji, a temple located some distance to the southwest. The sanmon’s structure does indeed look quite old.
Asakaka-juku is an old post town on the Tōkaidō. The most notable surviving structure from the Edo period is (unfortunately not the jin’ya but) an inn called the Ohhashi Inn. It appears to be open to the public but it was already past closing time when I came by. A large signboard opposite the honjin (main inn) site shows a map of the shukuba as it existed in the Edo period, and the jin’ya and its layout is shown on it.
|Nakagawa Kansuke; Ōta Yutayū
|No main keep but other buildings
|Meidein-Akasaka Station on the Meitetsu Nagoya Line; 10 minute walk
|Ohhashiya opens 10-4 except Mondays
|30 minutes or longer for shukuba
|Toyokawa, Aichi Prefecture
|34° 51' 21.78" N, 137° 18' 24.19" E
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