Fortified Manor

From Jcastle.info

Fortified Manor / 居館

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Fortified Manors (居館, kyokan) are the fortified residences of powerful local leaders and samurai. They are typically simple rectangular fortifications with a moat and earthen embankment, or sometimes stone walls. In Japanese they are often called Yashiki or Yakata. Many of these Fortified Manors are from the Heian and Kamakura Periods, before castles enlarged and developed to include quarters for samurai and other powerful local lords. In the Sengoku Period you often see the pair of a fortified manor at the foot of the mountain for everyday use and a mountaintop castle for use in times of unrest. Kazurayama Castle is one such good example and so is the Sanada Palace / Sanadahonjo Castle pair.

Some might ask if such Fortified Manors are really castles. The definition of "castle" in Japanese is actually vague. It is simply a fortification to help protect from one's enemies. This includes everything from the earliest fortified villages (Yoshinogari) to primarily political centers (Taga Castle) to smoke signal towers (noroshidai) or even fortified towns like Kamakura which itself was called Kamakura Castle at one point. The military purpose and defensive fortifications are what separates these from ordinary homes. This distinction is also separates them from Samurai Homes of the Edo Period, which were strictly controlled by local lords and did not have castle-like defenses such as embankments or trenches.

There is a frequently used Japanese castle term 城館 (jokan), which includes the characters for both castle (城) and fortified manors (館) that clearly covers both. There are also a few yakata in the Top 100 Castles and Next 100 Castles.

Castles with Fortified Manor
  1. Aburakawa Nobue Yashiki
  2. Aida Yakata
  3. Ainuta Fort
  4. Akagi Yakata
  5. Akazawashi Yakata
  6. Amari Yakata
  7. Amemiya Yashiki
  8. Amino Shingozaemon Yashiki
  9. Amino Yashiki
  10. Ano Yakata
  11. Anrakuji Yakata
  12. Aoyagi Yakata
  13. Asahara Yakata
  14. Asama Palace
  15. Asama Yakata
  16. Ashikagashi Yakata
  17. Azumi Futatsugi Castle
  18. Azumi Horinouchi Yakata
  19. Azumi Mondo Castle
  20. Azumi Ogiwara Yakata
  21. Azumi Shimizu Yakata
  22. Azumi Uchibori Yakata
  23. Azumi Uyama Yakata
  24. Baba Yashiki
  25. Beffu Castle (Koka)
  26. Bizenhara Yakata
  27. Bushihara Fort
  28. Chikuma Awaji Castle
  29. Chikuma Nakajou Yakata
  30. Chikuma Saburouhora Castle
  31. Chikuma Uchi Castle
  32. Chimura Yashiki
  33. Choujaike Yakata
  34. Choujayashiki Yakata
  35. Choushouin Yakata
  36. Dainenji Yakata
  37. Daiun'in Doi
  38. Echi Hatada Castle
  39. Echi Hirai Castle
  40. Echi Kitabodaiji Castle
  41. Echi Shimozato Castle
  42. Echi Touendou Castle
  43. Echi Yamori Castle
  44. Eimeiin Fort
  45. Ema Yakata
  46. Fujimaki Yashiki
  47. Fukakusa Yakata
  48. Fukuouji Yakata
  49. Fukuzawa Yakata
  50. Furuhata Yakata
  51. Furujou Yakata
  52. Furumaya Yakata
  53. Fuseyachouja Yakata
  54. Futatsu Bungonokami Yakata
  55. Gamou Ikeda Yakata
  56. Gamou Kongouji Castle
  57. Gamou Kounoshou Castle
  58. Gamou Osada Castle
  59. Gamou Tsuda Castle
  60. Ganshouin Yakata
  61. Gongen Yakata
  62. Habauehori Yashiki
  63. Hanazawa Yakata
  64. Hatakenaka Yakata
  65. Hatta Yashiki
  66. Hayashi Kohee Yashiki
  67. Higashi Wada Castle
  68. Hikidono Yashiki
  69. Hikobe Yashiki
  70. Himuro Yakata
  71. Hirase Yakata
  72. Hirata Yashiki
  73. Hitachi Takekuma Castle
  74. Hojo Clan Residence
  75. Hora Yakata
  76. Horigane Yakata
  77. Horinouchi Yashiki
  78. Hosogaya Yakata
  79. Hotaka Yakata
  80. Houjiin Doi
  81. Houzouji Yakata
  82. Ibako Castle
  83. Ichibajin'yama Castle (Koka)
  84. Ide Yakata
  85. Igawa Castle
  86. Ijiri Yashiki
  87. Ikenoshiri Yakata
  88. Ina Horinouchi Yakata
  89. Ina Ohniwa Castle
  90. Ina Yashiki
  91. Inoko Yakata
  92. Inoue Yakata
  93. Inoue Yakata (Shiga)
  94. Inukai Yakata
  95. Itagaki Kanenobu Yashiki
  96. Itou Genba Yashiki
  97. Iwade Danjou Kyokan
  98. Iwaoka Yakata
  99. Jikouin Yakata
  100. Jinguuji Yakata
  101. Jionji Yakata
  102. Jou Ian Yashiki
  103. Joukouin Yakata
  104. Jukkumi Yashiki
  105. Kai Baba Yashiki
  106. Kai Biwa Castle
  107. Kai Genga Yashiki
  108. Kai Genji Yakata
  109. Kai Hayakawa Yashiki
  110. Kai Henmi Yashiki
  111. Kai Hirai Yashiki
  112. Kai Horinouchi Castle
  113. Kai Ikkui Yashiki
  114. Kai Imai Yashiki
  115. Kai Iwade Yashiki
  116. Kai Kazama Yashiki
  117. Kai Kose Yashiki
  118. Kai Kouno Yashiki
  119. Kai Nakazawa Yashiki
  120. Kai Nishikawa Yashiki
  121. Kai Obu Yashiki
  122. Kai Omagari Yashiki
  123. Kai Sanada Yashiki
  124. Kai Tsuji Yashiki
  125. Kai Ueno Castle
  126. Kai Yamanaka Yakata
  127. Kai Yashiro Yashiki
  128. Kaiden Castle
  129. Kakuhari Yashiki
  130. Kamaenohaka Yakata
  131. Kamaian Yakata
  132. Kamigatou Yashiki
  133. Kaminagahara Castle
  134. Kanzaki Amidadou Castle
  135. Kanzaki Imamura Castle
  136. Kanzaki Kamagari Castle
  137. Kanzaki Kawanami Castle
  138. Kanzaki Kokuryou Castle
  139. Kanzaki Ogawa Castle
  140. Kanzaki Shichiri Yakata
  141. Kanzaki Shimohiyoshi Castle
  142. Kanzaki Shimura Castle
  143. Kanzaki Suda Yakata
  144. Kanzaki Taikouji Yakata
  145. Kanzaki Tanemura Castle
  146. Kanzaki Wada Yakata
  147. Kanzaki Yabutsude Castle
  148. Kanzaki Yamaji Castle
  149. Kanzou Yashiki
  150. Katsunumashi Yakata
  151. Kawamura Yakata
  152. Kawasaki Shoujirou Yakata
  153. Kaya Yakata
  154. Kazama Yakata
  155. Kikkawa Motoharu Yakata
  156. Kirihara Yakata
  157. Kiso Yoshinaka Yakata
  158. Kisotono Yashiki
  159. Kita Majino Castle
  160. Kitabatakeshi Yakata
  161. Kitagejou Fort
  162. Kitagejou Yashiki
  163. Kitsuneyashiki Yakata
  164. Kobinata Oh'yashiki
  165. Koma Atsushiba Yashiki
  166. Koma Tonoda Yashiki
  167. Komai Yashiki
  168. Komiyama Yakata
  169. Kosakajinja Yakata
  170. Kosobu Yakata
  171. Kouji Yakata
  172. Koumyouji Yakata
  173. Kouzuke Ken Castle
  174. Kouzuke Niwaya Castle
  175. Kouzuke Ueno Castle
  176. Koya Yakata
  177. Koyamura Yashiki
  178. Kubodono Yashiki
  179. Kuboyashiki (Koka)
  180. Kumagura Yakata
  181. Kunaishoyu Castle
  182. Kunori Yakata
  183. Kuranomae Fort
  184. Kurihara Yakata
  185. Kusama Bizennokami Yakata
  186. Kyouraishi Yashiki
  187. Kyouraishiminbu Yakata
  188. Machita Yakata
  189. Magaribuchi Yashiki
  190. Mamabe Castle
  191. Mamyouda Fort
  192. Maruyama Mandaira Yakata
  193. Maruyama Tonomura Yakata
  194. Maruyama Yakata
  195. Matsuda Yakata
  196. Matsudaira Yakata
  197. Mikawa Hime Castle
  198. Mikkaichiba Yakata
  199. Minamoto Yoshikiyo Yakata
  200. Minamoto no Tsunemoto Yakata
  201. Minochi Komazawa Castle
  202. Minochi Oshigane Castle
  203. Minochi Owaribe Castle
  204. Minochi Yomogidaira Castle
  205. Mitsui Ichibee Yashiki
  206. Mitsui Ukonnojou Yashiki
  207. Momose Yashiki
  208. Motohori Yakata
  209. Motoyama Yakata
  210. Murakami Kan'onsaka Castle
  211. Murakami Yakata
  212. Murakamishishima Yakata
  213. Myoukian Yakata
  214. Nagase Yakata
  215. Nagato Dohiyama Castle
  216. Nagisa Castle
  217. Nakagayahori Yashiki
  218. Nakagoshoshugo Yakata
  219. Nakahara Yakata
  220. Nakakaido Yakata
  221. Nakamura Yakata
  222. Nakamuranotonoda Yakata
  223. Nakata Yashiki
  224. Nakatsumori Yakata
  225. Nakazaki Yashiki
  226. Nanjou Yakata
  227. Narai Castle
  228. Nariai Yakata
  229. Nechi Kuriyama Castle
  230. Nezumiana Yakata
  231. Nikaidou Yakata
  232. Nirekubo Yakata
  233. Nishina Castle
  234. Nobutora Tanjou Yashiki
  235. Noguchi Yakata
  236. Nomura Yakata
  237. Obinata Samon Yakata
  238. Ochiai Yakata
  239. Ochiai Yashiki
  240. Ochiai Yashiki (Ochiai)
  241. Odatsuno Yakata
  242. Ogawamatobaoka Castle
  243. Ogawara Yakata
  244. Oh'iwa Castle
  245. Oh'uchi Yakata
  246. Ohhara Castle
  247. Ohkunugi Yakata
  248. Ohmachi Kitahara Yakata
  249. Ohmachi Minamihara Yakata
  250. Ohmiyahachiman Yakata
  251. Ohmura Yakata
  252. Ohmura Yashiki
  253. Ohtaridaira Yakata
  254. Ohtsuma Yakata
  255. Okada Chikayoshi Yakata
  256. Oki Castle (Koka)
  257. Okushima Yakata
  258. Omi Yakata
  259. Onikuma Yakata
  260. Osade Yashiki
  261. Otaya Yakata
  262. Owari Haguro Castle
  263. Oyamada Bessou Yashiki
  264. Oyobiki Yakata
  265. Renpou Yashiki
  266. Ryuugasaki Yakata
  267. Saegusa Yashiki
  268. Sakata Aoki Castle
  269. Sakata Higuchi Castle
  270. Sakata Kashiwabara Castle
  271. Sakata Nagaoka Castle
  272. Sakata Notose Castle
  273. Sakayori Masamoto Yashiki
  274. Sakurai Nobutada Yashiki
  275. Sanada Palace
  276. Sankouji Fort
  277. Sanokita Yakata
  278. Sanominami Yakata
  279. Sarashina Fuse Castle
  280. Satsuma Yakata
  281. Sawazoko Horinouchi Yakata
  282. Seiryuuji Yakata
  283. Sengoku Utanosuke Yakata
  284. Shibutami Yakata
  285. Shiga Yakata
  286. Shimoasama Yakata
  287. Shimogatou Yashiki
  288. Shimomisu Castle
  289. Shimosaka Yakata
  290. Shimoyama Yakata
  291. Shimoyashiki Yakata
  292. Shimozone Yashiki
  293. Shinano Yamada Yakata
  294. Shingen Yashiki
  295. Shinmachiharada Yakata
  296. Shinohara Fort
  297. Shioda Yakata
  298. Shioda Yashiki
  299. Shirokane Yakata
  300. Shougen yashiki
  301. Shoujina Yakata
  302. Shoutokuji Yakata
  303. Suda Yakata
  304. Suginome Castle
  305. Sunuma Yakata
  306. Tada Kasuke Yashiki
  307. Tagayashi Yakata
  308. Takami Yakata
  309. Takamuro Yashiki
  310. Takanashi Yakata
  311. Takanashi Yakata (Suzaka)
  312. Takano Yakata
  313. Takasaka Yakata
  314. Takeda Hyougosuke Yashiki
  315. Takeda Kingo Yashiki
  316. Takeda Motonobu Yakata
  317. Takeda Nobushige Yakata
  318. Takeda Yakata (Ibaraki)
  319. Takedashishugo Yakata
  320. Takenohana Yakata
  321. Takisawa Yakata
  322. Takusagawa Yashiki
  323. Tanaka Buzennokami Yashiki
  324. Tanaka Tadamasa Yashiki
  325. Tanaka Tajimanokami Yashiki
  326. Tanaka Yazouyaemon Yashiki
  327. Tanba Katakari Castle
  328. Tanba Kokuryou Castle
  329. Tanba Nomura Castle
  330. Tanba Tonbori Castle
  331. Tanba Yaga Castle
  332. Tatai Yakata
  333. Tatenouchi Yakata
  334. Terakura Yakata
  335. Tezuka Yakata
  336. Toba Yakata
  337. Todoroki Yakata
  338. Todoroki Yashiki
  339. Tokoji Castle
  340. Tokushige Yashiki
  341. Tongari Yashiki
  342. Tono Yakata
  343. Tonomura Yakata
  344. Tsukiyama Yakata
  345. Tsurugawa Yakata
  346. Tsutsumi Yashiki
  347. Uchigoya Yakata
  348. Uede Yashiki
  349. Ueno Yashiki
  350. Uenodan Yakata
  351. Uesugi Yakata
  352. Ushitate Yakata
  353. Utsuro Yakata
  354. Wakaowade Yashiki
  355. Wakasa Takeda Yakata
  356. Watauchi Inoue Yakata
  357. Yabarahigashimura Yashiki
  358. Yaguchi Yakata
  359. Yamabe Yakata
  360. Yamada Shigetada Yakata
  361. Yamadaohshimo Yakata
  362. Yamadera Yashiki
  363. Yamaga Yakata
  364. Yamaguchi Yashiki
  365. Yamamoto Jin'ya
  366. Yamanaka Yashiki (Koka)
  367. Yamanashi Nakamura Yashiki
  368. Yamashiro Imamura Castle
  369. Yashimashi Yashiki
  370. Yashiro Yakata
  371. Yasu Ebe Castle
  372. Yasuda Yoshisada Yakata
  373. Yatsushiro Yashiki
  374. Yoda Yakata
  375. Yoshiike Awaji Yashiki
  376. Yoshinohori Yashiki
  377. Yoshinomachi Yakata
  378. Zuirenji Yakata
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