Fukouzu Castle

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History

Fukōzujō was originally built by the Ôniwa Clan in the Nanbokuchō period (14th century). The Ôniwa Clan established their bodaiji (clan temple) at nearby Chōmanji, and the temple still stands today. In the 1520s, Matsudaira Tadasada defeated the Ôniwa and captured the castle, establishing the Fukōzu-Matsudaira, one of eighteen Matsudaira branch clans at that time.

When Tokugawa Ieyasu relocated to Kantō in 1590, Fukōzujō was taken over by Ikeda Terumasa, lord of Yoshidajō, and he made his vassal, Heki Tadatoshi, castellan. However, after the previous castellan, Matsudaira Ietada, died defending Fushimijō during the battle of Sekiǵahara in 1600, the newly established Tokugawa Shogunate granted Ietada's son, Tadatoshi, territory in his ancestral lands valued at 10,000 koku, and so Fukōzujō was used into the Edo period. Tadatoshi moved to Yoshidajō in 1612, and Fukōzujō was abandoned.

Fukōzujō was soon given renewed life as a jin'ya and residence of Itakura Shigemasa in 1624. Fukōzu Domain was a subfief valued at 6,000 koku. In 1637 Itakura was sent as part of the expeditionary force to quash the Shimabara Rebellion. He besieged Harajō, but the siege drew on, and Matsudaira Nobutsuna was sent down to take charge of the operation, leading Itakura to directly assault the castle in an attempt to regain his standing; he was shot and killed by arrow fire. Itakura Shigenao then took over Fukōzu Domain, then valued at 5,000 koku (later increased to 8,000 koku); the domain was abolished in the Meiji period.


Visit Notes

Fukōzujō is a medieval fortification site in the Fukōzu Township of Kōta Municipality, Nukata County; the specific neighbourhood is called Marunōchi, meaning 'within the moat'. The fort was built on a small promontory betwixt the slopes of a valley. The site today is now a factory, but there is a large mound of earth with a stele atop proclaiming the castle site.

To the northwest of the site is the temple Chōmanji, which existed alongside the fort, flanking the rear gate. A gate from the time of Fukōzu-jin'ya is said to still remain, relocated off-site.




Gallery


Castle Profile
English Name Fukouzu Castle
Japanese Name 深溝城
Founder Ôniwa Clan
Year Founded Nanbokuchō Period
Castle Type Flatland
Castle Condition No main keep but other buildings
Designations Local Historic Site
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Artifacts Dorui
Features gates
Visitor Information
Access Sangane Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line; 10 minute walk
Visitor Information Access Limited
Time Required 20 minutes
Location Kōta, Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates 34° 50' 22.20" N, 137° 10' 36.55" E
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Admin
Added to Jcastle 2024
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed
Friends of JCastle
Jōkaku Hōrōki
Kojōdan
Jōkaku Shashin Kiroku
Shiseki Yawa
Oshiro Tabi Nikki
Nippon Shiro Meguri
Aichi Shiro


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