Before large towns developed around huge castles in the Edo period, smaller settlements developed around some larger forts and manor halls of the Sengoku period. Such settlements could be called jōkamura (castle villages) rather than jōkamachi (castle towns). However, one of the first jōkamachi, or large scale castle towns, was Ômachi in Shinano (Ichijōdanijō in Echizen would be another). Ômachi, originally called Nishinasō (Nishina Clan Estates), or Nishina-onkuriya, developed around a cluster of fortified residences of the powerful Nishina Clan. Furujō-yakata was one among these many manor halls, located across the Nōgu River from the town centre on a plateau.
Several of the yakata in the town centre of Ômachi have been developed over, leaving little ruins, but Furujō-yakata has segments of dorui (earthen ramparts) standing to this day. In the northeast is a corner segment of dorui and a raised platform of earth, now the site of ancestral memorial markers / graves, which may have been used as the base for a defensive structure. There is another small segment of dorui set to the east, projecting out the little, and this may have formed a gate complex. It is believed that a moat wrapped around the hall in the north, east and south - to the west is a cliff. The site today is mostly fields.
"Furujō" simply means "Old Castle". This site may also be called Matsuzakifurujō-yakata.
|English Name||Furujou Yakata|
|Year Founded||Medieval Era|
|Castle Type||Fortified Manor|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Access||Shinano-Ômachi Station on the Ôito Line; 14 minute walk|
|Visitor Information||24/7; Free; Fields|
|Time Required||20 minutes|
|Location||Ômachi, Nagano Prefecture|
|Coordinates||36° 29' 46.90" N, 137° 51' 55.33" E|
|Added to Jcastle||2021|
|Admin Year Visited||Viewer Contributed|