There is lots of information in English about the infamous Kawanakajima campaign, but I may as well clarify that the 'battles of Kawanakajima' refers to a series of conflicts in and around Kawanakajima which took place from 1553 to 1564. The main and most famous battle, for which the war is named, occured at Kawanakajima in early autumn 1561. Thousands of warriors died in that great clash of titans Takeda Shingen and Uesugi Kenshin, and many a legend was born.
Hachimanpara-jinsho is a fortified encampment site in Oshimada Township, Nagano Municipality. Hachimanpara-jinsho is the fortified encampment site of Takeda Shingen. It is located on the plain at Kawanakajima. Uesugi Kenshin, meanwhile, encamped at Saijozan on a hill on the otherside of the Chikuma River.
The ruins of fortifications at Hachimanpara include earthworks such as dorui (earthen ramparts) and traces of dry moats. The dorui is not tall or wide, but was supplemented with abbattis. The type of barrier used was called 'sakasa-enju (逆槐)', or introverted pagoda trees. Popular legend says that the buried trees took root and continued to grow upside-down after the battle.
There are various signs, statues and monuments scattered around the shrine at the site today. This is where, it is said, Takeda Shingen and Uesugi Kenshin briefly engaged in hand-to-hand combat, with the younger warrior, mounted, swinging his sword down at a seated Shingen who deflected the blows with his gunbai (warfan). Kenshin was then chased away from Shingen by a warrior with a spear.
Note: The Battle of Hachimanpara ('the Plain of Hachiman') is the more specific name given to the fourth battle of Kawanakajima, but 'the battle of Kawanakajima' also usually refers to the fourth and largest clash. Hachimanpara is also sometimes read as 'Hachimanbara' and 'Hachimanhara'.
|English Name||Hachimanpara Jinsho|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Access||Nagano Station; bus for Matsushiro, get off at Kawanakajima Battlefield|
|Visitor Information||Park / Shrine is free; museum open 9am-4pm; closed Mondays|
|Time Required||30+ minutes|
|Location||Nagano, Nagano Prefecture|
|Coordinates||36° 35' 26.95" N, 138° 11' 13.16" E|
|Added to Jcastle||2023|
|Admin Year Visited||Viewer Contributed|
|Friends of JCastle|