Horiuchi Castle (Mikawa)

From Jcastle.info

MikawaHoriuchijou (2).jpg


Horiuchijō was the fortified medieval residence of one Hori Kosaburō. Now, was the castle called 'Horiuchi', meaning 'Within the Moat', because the Hori Clan were also known as the Horiuchi, or because their compound was surrounded by a particularly impressive moat? Perhaps both. By the way, clan names are drawn from places, rather than vice-versa, which I know many newer fans to Japanese history wonder about. So if the clan name is drawn from the place, and the place name is derived from the fort, did a nameless clan in the brutal times of war and opportunity become known as the Horiuchi after building their fort? That's one way to solidify one's samurai status, I suppose. All that would be needed then would be to fabricate a lineage...

'Kosaburō ("Little Third Son")' does not sound like a formal bushi name. This all gives the impression of a quite minor clan, but somewhat interesting to me for that reason.

The fortified residence was surrounded by moats which ran in rectangular fashion with sides in length of about 32m east-west and 45m north-south, making Horiuchijō quite modest even by the standards of a minor manor hall. The locale (koaza) to this day is known as 'Yashiki', referring to the medieval residence which used to stand here.

The area was later host to a daikansho of a hatamoto (bannerman) called Honda Tadasuke in the Edo period.

Visit Notes

Horiuchijō is a former fortified residence site in the Horiuchi Township of Anjō Municipality; no ruins remain and the site is now housing.


Castle Profile
English Name Horiuchi Castle (Mikawa)
Japanese Name 三河堀内城
Founder Hori Kosaburō
Year Founded Unknown
Castle Type Fortified Manor
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Edo Period
Visitor Information
Access Horiuchi-Kōen Station on the Meitetsu-Nishio Line; 2 minute walk
Visitor Information Access Limited
Time Required 10 minutes
Location Anjō, Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates 34° 55' 32.63" N, 137° 5' 24.94" E
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Added to Jcastle 2023
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed
Friends of JCastle
Jōkaku Shashin Kiroku
Umoreta Kojō
Jōkaku Hōrōki

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