Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles
  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akechi Osayama Castle
  3. Akiba Fort
  4. Akozu Castle
  5. Akutagawasan Castle
  6. Amagajo
  7. Aoyagi Castle
  8. Aoyama Castle
  9. Arashi Castle
  10. Arato Castle
  11. Arayama Castle
  12. Arikoyama Castle
  13. Aruga Castle
  14. Asaba Castle
  15. Asahiyama Castle
  16. Ashigara Castle
  17. Asuke Castle
  18. Aya Castle
  19. Azumi Iwahara Castle
  20. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  21. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  22. Azumi Ogiwara Castle
  23. Azumi Ogura Castle
  24. Azumi Oshino Castle
  25. Azumi Shibutami Castle
  26. Azumi Takisawa Castle
  27. Azumi Tanoiri Castle
  28. Azumi Taya Castle
  29. Bingo Kouyama Castle
  30. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  31. Chausudate
  32. Chihaya Castle
  33. Chikatou Fort
  34. Chikuma Asahi Castle
  35. Chikuma Chausuyama Castle
  36. Chikuma Goten'yama Castle
  37. Chikuma Koya Castle
  38. Chikuma Motoyama Castle
  39. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  40. Chikuma Saruga Castle
  41. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  42. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  43. Chikuma Tazawa Castle
  44. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  45. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  46. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  47. Echizen Ohno Castle
  48. Egawa Fort
  49. Fumimichi Castle
  50. Funaoka Castle
  51. Funaokayama Castle
  52. Funayama Castle
  53. Futamata Castle
  54. Futoge Castle
  55. Futoh'yama Castle
  56. Gakiyama Noroshidai
  57. Ganjaku Castle
  58. Gassan Toda Castle
  59. Gifu Castle
  60. Gobara Castle
  61. Gokan Castle
  62. Gouda Fort
  63. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  64. Hachikenchōja Castle
  65. Hachioji Castle
  66. Haga Castle
  67. Hagikura Fort
  68. Haibara Castle
  69. Hakusan Castle
  70. Hamada Castle
  71. Hanazono Castle
  72. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  73. Hanishina Motai Castle
  74. Hanishina Takeyama Castle
  75. Hanishina Terao Castle
  76. Harima Hakusan Castle
  77. Hasedo Castle
  78. Hatayama Castle
  79. Hatsuzawa Castle
  80. Hayaotoshi Castle
  81. Hayashikojo Castle
  82. Hayashiohjo Castle
  83. Hida Kojima Castle
  84. Hikaru Castle
  85. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  86. Hirase Castle
  87. Hirase Kitano Castle
  88. Hisawa Castle
  89. Hishakuyama Castle
  90. Hitachi Yamagata Castle
  91. Hiyama Castle
  92. Houshouji Fort
  93. Hyakusaiji Castle
  94. Ibikitagata Castle
  95. Ibuka Castle
  96. Ichijodani Castle
  97. Ichinomiya Castle
  98. Iinawa Castle
  99. Ina Konishi Castle
  100. Ina Korin Castle
  101. Ina Nagayama Castle
  102. Ina Ou Castle
  103. Ina Ryuugasaki Castle
  104. Ina Wada Castle
  105. Inaniwa Castle
  106. Inukai Castle
  107. Ioyama Castle
  108. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  109. Isobe Castle
  110. Iwabitsu Castle
  111. Iwadono Castle
  112. Iwakiri Castle
  113. Iwakuni Castle
  114. Iwamura Castle
  115. Iwaseyama Castle
  116. Iwaya Castle
  117. Izu Moriyama Castle
  118. Izu Ohdairashin Castle
  119. Jofukuji Castle
  120. Kaesa Castle
  121. Kaga Utasu Castle
  122. Kakunodate Castle
  123. Kamagatake Castle
  124. Kamitohno Castle
  125. Kamogatake Castle
  126. Kanaiyama Castle
  127. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  128. Kanayama Castle
  129. Kanegasaki Castle
  130. Kannonji Castle
  131. Karakai Castle
  132. Karasaki Castle
  133. Karasawayama Castle
  134. Karasuyama Castle
  135. Kasama Castle
  136. Kasane Castle
  137. Kaseyama Castle
  138. Kasugayama Castle
  139. Kasumi Castle
  140. Katsunuma Castle
  141. Katsuren Castle
  142. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  143. Kawamura Castle
  144. Kawanoe Castle
  145. Kazurayama Castle
  146. Kikuchi Castle
  147. Kinojo
  148. Kirihara Castle
  149. Kiso Fukushima Castle
  150. Kiso Komaruyama Castle
  151. Koiwatake Castle
  152. Komaki Castle
  153. Konosumiyama Castle
  154. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  155. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  156. Koshibami Castle
  157. Koshigoe Castle
  158. Kouka Aoki Castle
  159. Kounomine Castle
  160. Kouzuke Hakota Castle
  161. Kouzuke Niiya Castle
  162. Kouzuke Warabi Castle
  163. Kubodera Castle
  164. Kukuri Castle
  165. Kuma Castle
  166. Kunou Castle
  167. Kurahone Castle
  168. Kurobane Castle
  169. Kuroi Castle
  170. Kururi Castle
  171. Kuwabara Castle
  172. Kuwagatahara Noroshidai
  173. Magome Castle
  174. Manago Castle
  175. Mariko Castle
  176. Marune Fort
  177. Masugatayama Castle
  178. Matsudaira Castle
  179. Matsuida Castle
  180. Matsukura Castle
  181. Matsuo Castle
  182. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  183. Meiseireijin Fort
  184. Michibayashi Fort
  185. Miharu Castle
  186. Minagawa Castle
  187. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  188. Minami Majino Castle
  189. Mino Ikeda Castle
  190. Mino Ima Castle
  191. Mino Kaneyama Castle
  192. Minochi Katsurayama Castle
  193. Minochi Masugata Castle
  194. Misayama Castle
  195. Miyahara Castle
  196. Mizuban Castle
  197. Moriyama Castle
  198. Motosu Castle
  199. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  200. Mumo Castle
  201. Murakami Hime Castle
  202. Murakami Iwasaki Castle
  203. Murakami Kamei Castle
  204. Murakami Katsurao Castle
  205. Murakami Kemurino Castle
  206. Murakami Kokuzousan Castle
  207. Murakami Monomi Castle
  208. Murakami Takatsuya Castle
  209. Murakami Torikoya Castle
  210. Murakami Tsumi Castle
  211. Murakami Wagou Castle
  212. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  213. Musashi Tenjin'yama Castle
  214. Mutsu Kaneyama Castle
  215. Mutsu Obama Castle
  216. Myougi Castle
  217. Nabekura Castle
  218. Naegi Castle
  219. Nagabayashi Fort
  220. Nagaikeyama Fort
  221. Nagakubo Castle
  222. Nagato Aoyama Castle
  223. Nagato Katsuyama Castle
  224. Nagato Kouyama Castle
  225. Nagaune Fort
  226. Nagurumi Castle
  227. Nakagusuku Castle
  228. Nakatou Castle
  229. Nakayama Fort
  230. Nakayamaniyama Fort
  231. Nakijin Castle
  232. Nanao Castle
  233. Narisawa Castle
  234. Nata Castle
  235. Negoya Castle
  236. Nihonmatsu Castle
  237. Niitakayama Castle
  238. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  239. Nirayama Castle
  240. Nishijou Castle
  241. Nishikata Castle
  242. Nochiseyama Castle
  243. Nomura Fort
  244. Numata Castle
  245. Obiki Castle
  246. Odani Castle
  247. Odoriba Fort
  248. Ogimachi Castle
  249. Ogoe Castle
  250. Ogura Castle
  251. Ogyu Castle
  252. Oh'eda Castle
  253. Oh'ikemurayama Castle
  254. Ohdate
  255. Ohga Castle
  256. Ohmine Castle
  257. Ohmori Castle
  258. Oka Castle
  259. Oko Castle
  260. Omi Castle
  261. Omifuru Castle
  262. Oniba Castle
  263. Onjouyama Fort
  264. Ono Castle
  265. Oogo Castle
  266. Ori Castle
  267. Oumi Kamigishimoto Castle
  268. Oumi Takano Castle
  269. Owari Asahi Castle
  270. Rikan Castle
  271. Ryuusenji Castle
  272. Saimyouji Castle
  273. Sakurasawa Fort
  274. Sanada Chifuruya Castle
  275. Sanada Isezaki Castle
  276. Sanada Negoya Castle
  277. Sanada Seba Castle
  278. Sanada Yazawa Castle
  279. Sanada Yazawashi Castle
  280. Sanadahonjo Castle
  281. Sannohe Castle
  282. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  283. Sasao Castle
  284. Sashiki Castle
  285. Sasou Castle
  286. Sawayama Castle
  287. Sekidousan Castle
  288. Sendai Castle
  289. Shigiyama Castle
  290. Shimofuri Fort
  291. Shimotsui Castle
  292. Shinagura Castle
  293. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  294. Shioda Castle
  295. Shiozaki Castle
  296. Shiozakishin Castle
  297. Shirasawa Fort
  298. Shiratori Castle
  299. Shishiku Castle
  300. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  301. Suou Nagayama Castle
  302. Suwa Imori Castle
  303. Suwa Kami Castle
  304. Suwa Osaka Castle
  305. Suwa Owa Castle
  306. Suwa Sakura Castle
  307. Suwa Shimo Castle
  308. Suwa Takagi Castle
  309. Suwa Takei Castle
  310. Suwa Tenjin'yama Castle
  311. Suwahara Castle
  312. Tage Castle
  313. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  314. Takaharasuwa Castle
  315. Takahata Castle
  316. Takai Hakoyama Castle
  317. Takamatsuyakushi Castle
  318. Takane Castle
  319. Takao Castle
  320. Takatenjin Castle
  321. Takatome Castle
  322. Takatori Castle
  323. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  324. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  325. Takeda Castle
  326. Takei Castle
  327. Taki Castle
  328. Takiyama Castle
  329. Tanba Hachiman'yama Castle
  330. Tateishi Fort
  331. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  332. Tatsuno Castle
  333. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  334. Tenpaku Castle
  335. Terao Chausuyama Castle
  336. Terao Naka Castle
  337. Teshiro Castle
  338. Teusuyama Fort
  339. Tobayama Castle
  340. Toishi Castle
  341. Toishi Iizuna Castle
  342. Tokiwa Castle
  343. Tokura Castle
  344. Torigoe Castle
  345. Tottori Castle
  346. Tounohara Castle
  347. Tsukui Castle
  348. Tsumagi Castle
  349. Tsumago Castle
  350. Tsuneyama Castle
  351. Tsuwano Castle
  352. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  353. Uehara Castle
  354. Uenodan Castle
  355. Uenoyama Castle
  356. Ueshi Castle
  357. Wakimoto Castle
  358. Washio Castle
  359. Washizu Fort
  360. Yagi Castle
  361. Yahatayama Fort
  362. Yamabe Castle
  363. Yamabukiko Castle
  364. Yamabukioh Castle
  365. Yamabukiyama Noroshidai
  366. Yamana Castle
  367. Yamanaka Castle
  368. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  369. Yamazaki Castle
  370. Yashima Castle
  371. Yashiro Castle
  372. Yato Castle
  373. Yogaisan Castle
  374. Yokoyairi Fort
  375. Yokoyama Castle
  376. Yoritomoyama Fort
  377. Yumurayama Castle
  378. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  379. Yuzawa Castle
  380. Yuzuki Castle
  381. Zakimi Castle
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