Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles
  1. Aimiyamamonomi Fort
  2. Aizu Odayama Castle
  3. Akechi Osayama Castle
  4. Akiba Fort
  5. Akozu Castle
  6. Akutagawasan Castle
  7. Amabiki Castle
  8. Amagajo
  9. Ametoya Castle
  10. Aoyagi Castle
  11. Aoyama Castle
  12. Arashi Castle
  13. Arato Castle
  14. Aratoshou Castle
  15. Arayama Castle
  16. Arikoyama Castle
  17. Aruga Castle
  18. Asaba Castle
  19. Asahiyama Castle
  20. Ashigara Castle
  21. Asuke Castle
  22. Aya Castle
  23. Azumi Aoki Castle
  24. Azumi Iwahara Castle
  25. Azumi Nakamura Castle
  26. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  27. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  28. Azumi Ogiwara Castle
  29. Azumi Ogura Castle
  30. Azumi Oshino Castle
  31. Azumi Sano Castle
  32. Azumi Shibutami Castle
  33. Azumi Shironomine Castle
  34. Azumi Takisawa Castle
  35. Azumi Tanoiri Castle
  36. Azumi Taya Castle
  37. Azumi Uyama Castle
  38. Azumi Uzuhashi Castle
  39. Bingo Kouyama Castle
  40. Bitchu Kanmuriyama Castle
  41. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  42. Bitchu Oishi Castle
  43. Busetsu Castle
  44. Chausudate
  45. Chihaya Castle
  46. Chiisagata Kemi Castle
  47. Chiisagata Komaki Castle
  48. Chiisagata Komakikamino Castle
  49. Chiisagata Nakano Castle
  50. Chiisagata Nakao Castle
  51. Chiisagata Nishiyama Castle
  52. Chiisagata Shirayama Castle
  53. Chiisagata Yashima Castle
  54. Chikatou Fort
  55. Chikuma Asahi Castle
  56. Chikuma Asaka Castle
  57. Chikuma Chausuyama Castle
  58. Chikuma Gotenyama Castle
  59. Chikuma Higashijou Castle
  60. Chikuma Hime Castle
  61. Chikuma Kakiage Castle
  62. Chikuma Kattori Castle
  63. Chikuma Kemi Castle
  64. Chikuma Koshikou Castle
  65. Chikuma Koya Castle
  66. Chikuma Moto Castle
  67. Chikuma Motoyama Castle
  68. Chikuma Narukami Castle
  69. Chikuma Nishijou Castle
  70. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  71. Chikuma Samine Castle
  72. Chikuma Saruga Castle
  73. Chikuma Sasaga Castle
  74. Chikuma Sasano Castle
  75. Chikuma Sasazawa Castle
  76. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  77. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  78. Chikuma Tazawa Castle
  79. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  80. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  81. Chikuma Yagura Castle
  82. Chikuma Yamazaki Fort
  83. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  84. Daikan'yama Fort
  85. Deura Castle
  86. Dokanyama
  87. Echi Kamigishimoto Castle
  88. Echi Takano Castle
  89. Echigo Kanayama Castle
  90. Echigo Katsuyama Castle
  91. Echigo Matsudai Castle
  92. Echizen Ohno Castle
  93. Egawa Fort
  94. Enryakuji
  95. Enryakuji Amidadou Fort
  96. Enryakuji Higashitani Fort
  97. Enryakuji Joudoin Fort
  98. Enryakuji Kitatani Fort
  99. Enryakuji Monjurou Fort
  100. Enryakuji Nishitani Fort
  101. Enryakuji Shakadou Fort
  102. Fumimichi Castle
  103. Funaoka Castle
  104. Funaokayama Castle
  105. Funayama Castle
  106. Futamata Castle
  107. Futoge Castle
  108. Futoh'yama Castle
  109. Gakiyama Noroshidai
  110. Gamou Kitatsuda Castle
  111. Gamou Minamitsuda Castle
  112. Ganjaku Castle
  113. Gassan Toda Castle
  114. Gifu Castle
  115. Gobara Castle
  116. Gokan Castle
  117. Gouda Fort
  118. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  119. Hachikenchōja Castle
  120. Hachioji Castle
  121. Haga Castle
  122. Hagikura Fort
  123. Haibara Castle
  124. Haiyama Castle
  125. Hakusan Castle
  126. Hamada Castle
  127. Hanazono Castle
  128. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  129. Haneo Castle
  130. Hanishina Motai Castle
  131. Hanishina Takeyama Castle
  132. Hanishina Terao Castle
  133. Harima Hakusan Castle
  134. Hasedo Castle
  135. Hatayama Castle
  136. Hatsuzawa Castle
  137. Hayaotoshi Castle
  138. Hayashikojo Castle
  139. Hayashiohjo Castle
  140. Hida Hirose Castle
  141. Hida Kojima Castle
  142. Hieinoyama Fort
  143. Hikaru Castle
  144. Hiki Castle
  145. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  146. Hirakura Castle
  147. Hirase Castle
  148. Hirase Kitano Castle
  149. Hirase Noroshidai
  150. Hisawa Castle
  151. Hishakuyama Castle
  152. Hitachi Yamagata Castle
  153. Hiyama Castle
  154. Houshouji Fort
  155. Hyakusaiji Castle
  156. Ibarayama Castle
  157. Ibayama Castle
  158. Ibikitagata Castle
  159. Ibuka Castle
  160. Ichigousan Castle
  161. Ichijodani Castle
  162. Ichijojiyama Castle
  163. Ichinomiya Castle
  164. Iga Hijiyama Castle
  165. Iinawa Castle
  166. Ina Ichinodaira Castle
  167. Ina Konishi Castle
  168. Ina Korin Castle
  169. Ina Koujin'yama Castle
  170. Ina Maruyama Fort
  171. Ina Nagayama Castle
  172. Ina Ou Castle
  173. Ina Ryuugasaki Castle
  174. Ina Wada Castle
  175. Ina Yokokawa Castle
  176. Ina Yokoyama Castle
  177. Inaniwa Castle
  178. Inukai Castle
  179. Ioto Castle
  180. Ioyama Castle
  181. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  182. Isobe Castle
  183. Iwabitsu Castle
  184. Iwadono Castle
  185. Iwakiri Castle
  186. Iwakuni Castle
  187. Iwamura Castle
  188. Iwaseyama Castle
  189. Iwaya Castle
  190. Izaki Castle
  191. Izu Moriyama Castle
  192. Izu Ohdairashin Castle
  193. Jikouin Fort
  194. Jinbagahara Castle
  195. Jofukuji Castle
  196. Jouhikage Fort
  197. Juuouzan Fort
  198. Kaesa Castle
  199. Kaga Utasu Castle
  200. Kagikakemonomi Fort
  201. Kai Asahiyama Castle
  202. Kakegawako Castle
  203. Kakunodate Castle
  204. Kamagatake Castle
  205. Kamitohno Castle
  206. Kamogatake Castle
  207. Kanaiyama Castle
  208. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  209. Kanayama Castle
  210. Kanbara Castle
  211. Kanegasaki Castle
  212. Kannonji Castle
  213. Kanzaki Ishibayama Castle
  214. Kanzaki Kitasudayama Castle
  215. Kanzaki Wadayama Castle
  216. Kanzaki Wadayamako Castle
  217. Karakai Castle
  218. Karasaki Castle
  219. Karasawayama Castle
  220. Karasuyama Castle
  221. Karidako Castle
  222. Karidaoh Castle
  223. Kariyahara Castle
  224. Kasama Castle
  225. Kasane Castle
  226. Kaseyama Castle
  227. Kasugayama Castle
  228. Kasumi Castle
  229. Katsunuma Castle
  230. Katsurayama Castle
  231. Katsuren Castle
  232. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  233. Kawamura Castle
  234. Kawanoe Castle
  235. Kazurayama Castle
  236. Kibune Castle
  237. Kikuchi Castle
  238. Kinojo
  239. Kirarazaka Castle
  240. Kiridouzan Noroshidai
  241. Kirihara Castle
  242. Kiso Fukushima Castle
  243. Kiso Komaruyama Castle
  244. Kiso Uenodan Castle
  245. Kita Wakamiko Castle
  246. Koiwatake Castle
  247. Kokururi Castle
  248. Kokuzousan Noroshidai
  249. Komaki Castle
  250. Komakijou Ohte Fort
  251. Komasawa Castle
  252. Konosumiyama Castle
  253. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  254. Koraku Castle
  255. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  256. Koshibami Castle
  257. Koshigoe Castle
  258. Koujin'o Castle
  259. Koujin'yama Noroshidai
  260. Kounomine Castle
  261. Kouzuke Hakota Castle
  262. Kouzuke Niiya Castle
  263. Kouzuke Tomioka Castle
  264. Kouzuke Warabi Castle
  265. Koya Castle
  266. Kozutsumi Castle
  267. Kubodera Castle
  268. Kuboyashikishi Castle (Koka)
  269. Kukuri Castle
  270. Kuma Castle
  271. Kunou Castle
  272. Kurahone Castle
  273. Kurita Kuboe Castle
  274. Kurobane Castle
  275. Kuroi Castle
  276. Kuruma Castle
  277. Kururi Castle
  278. Kuwabara Castle
  279. Kuwagatahara Noroshidai
  280. Magome Castle
  281. Manago Castle
  282. Mariko Castle
  283. Marikoyama Fort
  284. Marune Fort
  285. Masugatayama Castle
  286. Matsudaira Castle
  287. Matsugasaki Castle (Yamashiro)
  288. Matsuida Castle
  289. Matsukura Castle
  290. Matsuo Castle
  291. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  292. Meiseireijin Fort
  293. Michibayashi Fort
  294. Michikusa Fort
  295. Miharu Castle
  296. Mikawa Himega Castle
  297. Mikawa Yamanaka Castle
  298. Mikkaichiba Castle
  299. Mikumo Castle (Koka)
  300. Minagawa Castle
  301. Minakuchi Okayama Castle
  302. Minami Majino Castle
  303. Minami Wakamiko Castle
  304. Minegadou Castle
  305. Mino Ikeda Castle
  306. Mino Ima Castle
  307. Mino Kaneyama Castle
  308. Mino Matsuo Castle
  309. Minochi Asahi Castle
  310. Minochi Masugata Castle
  311. Misayama Castle
  312. Miyahara Castle
  313. Mizuban Castle
  314. Mochizuki Castle (Koka)
  315. Mochizukishi Castle (Koka)
  316. Moji Castle
  317. Moriyama Castle
  318. Motosu Castle
  319. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  320. Mumo Castle
  321. Murakami Ara Castle
  322. Murakami Hanagoya Castle
  323. Murakami Hime Castle
  324. Murakami Iizuna Castle
  325. Murakami Iwasaki Castle
  326. Murakami Kamei Castle
  327. Murakami Kashiwayama Castle
  328. Murakami Katsurao Castle
  329. Murakami Kemurino Castle
  330. Murakami Kokuzousan Castle
  331. Murakami Komaruyama Fort
  332. Murakami Mochikoshi Castle
  333. Murakami Monomi Castle
  334. Murakami Takatsuya Castle
  335. Murakami Torikoya Castle
  336. Murakami Toyo Castle
  337. Murakami Tsubame Castle
  338. Murakami Tsumi Castle
  339. Murakami Ushibuse Castle
  340. Murakami Wagou Castle
  341. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  342. Musashi Tenjin'yama Castle
  343. Mutsu Kaneyama Castle
  344. Mutsu Obama Castle
  345. Myougi Castle
  346. Myougiyama Noroshidai
  347. Nabekura Castle
  348. Nabeyamajou Fort
  349. Naegi Castle
  350. Nagabayashi Fort
  351. Nagaikeyama Fort
  352. Nagakubo Castle
  353. Nagato Aoyama Castle
  354. Nagato Katsuyama Castle
  355. Nagato Kouyama Castle
  356. Nagaune Fort
  357. Nagurumi Castle
  358. Nakagusuku Castle
  359. Nakajouikenotaira Fort
  360. Nakao Castle (Yamashiro)
  361. Nakatou Castle
  362. Nakayama Fort
  363. Nakayamaniyama Fort
  364. Nakijin Castle
  365. Nanao Castle
  366. Narisawa Castle
  367. Narisawa Noroshidai
  368. Nata Castle
  369. Natsumichi Fort
  370. Nechi Castle
  371. Nechi Kamijouyama Castle
  372. Negoya Castle
  373. Nezumiana Castle
  374. Nihonmatsu Castle
  375. Niitakayama Castle
  376. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  377. Nirayama Castle
  378. Nishi Aoki Castle
  379. Nishijou Castle
  380. Nishikata Castle
  381. Nochiseyama Castle
  382. Nomura Fort
  383. Nosezakanishi Castle
  384. Nouken Kurokoma Fort
  385. Numata Castle
  386. Nyoigatake Castle
  387. Nyuunomi Castle
  388. Obaraichiba Castle
  389. Obiki Castle
  390. Odani Castle
  391. Odoriba Fort
  392. Ogimachi Castle
  393. Ogoe Castle
  394. Ogura Castle
  395. Ogyu Castle
  396. Oh'eda Castle
  397. Oh'ikemurayama Castle
  398. Ohdate
  399. Ohga Castle
  400. Ohmine Castle
  401. Ohmori Castle
  402. Ohsaki Castle
  403. Ohsakide Castle
  404. Oka Castle
  405. Okayama Jinjiro
  406. Oko Castle
  407. Omi Castle
  408. Omi Kitanosho Castle
  409. Omifuru Castle
  410. Oniba Castle
  411. Onjouyama Fort
  412. Ono Castle
  413. Onotougemonomi Fort
  414. Oogo Castle
  415. Ori Castle
  416. Ougidairayama Castle
  417. Owari Asahi Castle
  418. Rikan Castle
  419. Ryuusenji Castle
  420. Sagami Sumiyoshi Castle
  421. Saimyouji Castle
  422. Sakakikitajou Castle
  423. Saku Hanaoka Castle
  424. Saku Hitomoshi Castle
  425. Saku Inariyama Castle
  426. Saku Kaize Castle
  427. Saku Miyanoue Castle
  428. Saku Mochizuki Castle
  429. Saku Teshirozuka Castle
  430. Sakurabasamade Castle
  431. Sakurasawa Fort
  432. Samegai Castle
  433. Samizu Castle
  434. Sanada Chifuruya Castle
  435. Sanada Isezaki Castle
  436. Sanada Negoya Castle
  437. Sanada Seba Castle
  438. Sanada Yazawa Castle
  439. Sanada Yazawashi Castle
  440. Sanadahonjo Castle
  441. Sannohe Castle
  442. Sannou Yakata
  443. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  444. Sarukoya Fort
  445. Sasao Castle
  446. Sashiki Castle
  447. Sasou Castle
  448. Sawayama Castle
  449. Sekidousan Castle
  450. Sendai Castle
  451. Sendatsu Castle
  452. Shiga Castle
  453. Shigiyama Castle
  454. Shimofuri Fort
  455. Shimotsui Castle
  456. Shinagura Castle
  457. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  458. Shioda Castle
  459. Shioda Higashi Fort
  460. Shioda Koubouyama Fort
  461. Shioda Nishi Fort
  462. Shioda Nishibouruigun
  463. Shiozaki Castle
  464. Shiozaki Miyama Fort
  465. Shiozakishin Castle
  466. Shirahata Castle
  467. Shirasawa Fort
  468. Shiratori Castle
  469. Shirokoma Castle
  470. Shishiku Castle
  471. Shogunyama Castle
  472. Shou Castle
  473. Shoudai Noroshidai
  474. Shuzan Castle
  475. Suda Castle
  476. Sugimoto Castle
  477. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  478. Suou Nagayama Castle
  479. Suwa Imori Castle
  480. Suwa Kami Castle
  481. Suwa Maruyama Noroshidai
  482. Suwa Osaka Castle
  483. Suwa Owa Castle
  484. Suwa Sakura Castle
  485. Suwa Shimo Castle
  486. Suwa Takagi Castle
  487. Suwa Takei Castle
  488. Suwa Tenjin'yama Castle
  489. Suwahara Castle
  490. Suzumegamori Noroshidai
  491. Suzuryuuyama Fort
  492. Tage Castle
  493. Taguchi Castle
  494. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  495. Takaharasuwa Castle
  496. Takahata Castle
  497. Takai Hakoyama Castle
  498. Takamatsuyakushi Castle
  499. Takane Castle
  500. Takao Castle
... further results
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