Sanada Yazawa Castle

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SanadaYazawajou03.3.JPG

History

It is thought that Yazawajō was built around the time - 1551 - that the Sanada took over Toishijō, ousting the Murakami. The castle served to protect the outer perimeter of Sanada territory. Along with Isezakijō to the west, it served to guard the stretch of plains that gave entry to the Sanada homelands. Yazawajō was the castle of Lord Yazawa Yoritsuna, the younger brother of Sanada Yukitaka. His residence was located at the foot of the castle. In 1585 Yazawajō was attacked by Tokugawa forces. Yazawa Yoriyasu defended the castle with 800 men, defeating General Yoda Genshichirō's force of 1,500 men. After the Battle of Sekigahara Yazawajō was abandoned.


Visit Notes

Yazawajō, now reasonably maintained as a park, is an oddly proportioned site. The relatively narrow shukuruwa (main bailey) is surrounded in the west and southwest by a series of belt baileys which terrace the hillside in five bands. Aside from the bottom tier, these bands are themselves quite wide, and the shukuruwa is not much wider. The terraced baileys surround the shukuruwa in the shape of 巛. On the other side the terrain slopes off quickly into a ravine. The second bailey, located below the shukuruwa, is now the site of a small shrine building. Remnants of ishigaki (stone-piled ramparts) can be seen here. There is a projecting bailey beyond the shukuruwa. Trenches cut into the mountain ridge here. An impressive ivy-streaked stele marks the castle site. Yazawajō possessed a branch castle, Yazawashijō, located across the small valley to the east (toward Tono).




Gallery


Castle Profile
English Name Sanada Yazawa Castle
Japanese Name 真田矢沢城
Founder Yazawa Yoritsuna
Year Founded 1551
Castle Type Mountaintop
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Artifacts Kuruwa, Ishigaki, Hori
Features trenches, stone walls
Visitor Information
Access Ueda Station on the Shinano Railway; Sugadaira Bus from Ueda Station No.3 Bus Stop
Visitor Information Free; 24/7; Park
Time Required 50 minutes
Location Ueda, Nagano Prefecture
Coordinates 36° 24' 45.40" N, 138° 18' 37.26" E
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Admin
Added to Jcastle 2020
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed


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