Shibata Ashigaru Nagaya




This is a nagaya, or longhouse, with apartments for eight ashigaru. It is very typical housing for ashigaru. It was strategically positioned with four similar nagaya along the Aizu Kaido highway for defense.

This building is an Important Cultural Property because it is kept in such good condition and because original buildings that show the lifestyle of the ashigaru are very rare.

  • Ashigaru Nagaya
  • You can see a couple of the doors to different apartments.
  • Inside one of the apartments
  • map of the longhouse
  • Ashigaru Nagaya
  • Entrance to one of the apartments

  • Shibata Ashigaru Nagaya Profile
    English Name Shibata Ashigaru Nagaya
    Japanese Name 旧新発田藩足軽長屋
    Year 1842
    Residence Type Ashigaru
    Designations Important Cultural Property
    Features House
    Visitor Information The outside is in a park and seems to be open anytime. The inside does not seem to be open.
    Location Shibata, Niigata Prefecture
    Castle Shibata Castle
    Coordinates 37° 56' 36.82" N, 139° 19' 44.22" E
    Shibata Castle and nearby Samurai Homes
    Loading map...
    Visits October 9, 2011
    Added Jcastle 2018

    (2 votes)
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    57 months ago
    Score 0++

    足軽長屋 [新発田] Ashigaru-Nagaya (Shibata)

    I’m sure samurai fans are familiar with Ashigaru. Nagaya means “row house,” individual tenements sharing inside walls under a single roof. This Nagaya for Ashigaru dates to the early 1800s. During the Edo Period many of them were built in this area of the castle town. These are basically the samurai version of single bedroom flats. They contain a genkan, kitchen area and a main room. They wouldn’t have been too small I think but after all occupants probably shared them too. The higher ranking a retainer, in general, the bigger his living space, but of course Ashigaru were just foot soldiers so they had the bare minimum. That said even middle-ranking samurai had such cramped conditions when on Sankin-Kōtai duty in Edo. Could you live as a samurai like this?