Turrets

From Jcastle.info

Turrets (Yagura) / 櫓

This is a subtype of Features

The Japanese term yagura literally means a storehouse (kura) for arrows (ya), but yagura were used to store all manner of weapons, food and supplies. Yagura were not just storehouses, but vital defensive platforms and lookout towers that were placed at strategic locations throughout the castle. Most corners of a bailey had a yagura, often called a sumi yagura (corner yagura). These corners provided a wide field of view and two sides for flanking fire. The corner yagura also protected the vulnerable corners of stone walls which were much easier to climb than the straight sheer sides.

Naming

You can sometimes guess what was stored in a yagura or its purpose from the name: Teppo Yagura (guns), Hata Yagura (flags), Yari Yagura (spears), Shio Yagura (salt), among many others. There were also other special function yagura such as Taiko Yagura which kept a drum to sound out the time, Tsukimi Yagura for viewing the moon, and Ido Yagura for housing a well. Sumi Yagura (corner yagura) often had special naming conventions too. They were named according to the 12 signs of the zodiac as placed on the face of a clock. So with north at 12 o'clock a northwest yagura was called Ushitora Yagura, a southeast yagura was Tatsumi Yagura, southwest was Hitsujisaru Yagura and Northwest was Inui Yagura.

Structure

Yagura were mostly built in the sotogata style, with the same characteristics of many main keep. Sotogata have a square base with each level a size smaller than the lower one. There are few extant yagura in the borogata style, but some examples are the Utoyagura at Kumamoto Castle and Nohara Yagura at Iyo Matsuyama Castle and the Fushimi Yagura at Fukuyama Castle. See the Main keep page for more details about these structure types.


Seiroyagura (井楼櫓)

Seiroyagura is one of the earlier forms of yagura. It is a simple structure made from wooden beams in a square. They were used as watchtowers in earlier castles and were erected on the battlefield to provide commanders with a better view.

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3 level yagura (三重櫓)

main keeps are basically really big yagura that evolved to 3 or more levels. Especially, in eastern Japan many castles built a large 3 level yagura in place of a main keep. Such main keep were also called gosankai yagura. The main keep of Hirosaki Castle and Marugame Castle are actually 3 level yagura. At Edo Castle, the 3 level Fujimi Yagura was used in place of the main keep after it burned down too.

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Gosankai Yagura (御三階櫓)

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2 Level Yagura (二重櫓)

2 level yagura is the most typical yagura type and there are many surviving examples throughout the country. You see lots of unique shapes and uses for these yagura.

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1 level yagura

Hirayagura (平櫓)

This is the simplest yagura type. It's too short to be used as a lookout tower and not usually used as a sumiyagura. Hirayagura is most frequently used on the edge of an outer bailey like a sannomaru bailey that has no dirt walls. It is also frequently used as a connecting yagura to join gates, larger yagura or main keep.

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Tamonyagura (多聞櫓)

Tamonyagura is a hirayagura that has been stretched out. It can be used in place of dirt walls atop moats and embankments. Tamonyagura are often found connected to corner sumiyagura or main keep. They can be used to store goods, but also function as a very strong defensive platform.

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Castles with Turrets (Yagura)
  1. Aizu Wakamatsu Castle
  2. Akashi Castle
  3. Ako Castle
  4. Akozu Castle
  5. Amagajo
  6. Amagasaki Castle
  7. Aoyagi Castle
  8. Asuke Castle
  9. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  10. Echizen Katsuyama Castle
  11. Echizen Ohno Castle
  12. Edo Castle
  13. Fujita Castle
  14. Fukuchiyama Castle
  15. Fukuyama Castle
  16. Funai Castle
  17. Fushimi Castle
  18. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  19. Haga Castle
  20. Hikone Castle
  21. Himeji Castle
  22. Hirado Castle
  23. Hirosaki Castle
  24. Hiroshima Castle
  25. Hitoyoshi Castle
  26. Honshouji Castle
  27. Hotta no Saku
  28. Iga Ueno Castle
  29. Ikeda Castle
  30. Imabari Castle
  31. Ina Castle
  32. Innoshima Suigun Castle
  33. Inuyama Castle
  34. Iwamura Castle
  35. Iyo Matsuyama Castle
  36. Izu Nagahama Castle
  37. Izushi Castle
  38. Kakegawa Castle
  39. Kameyama Castle
  40. Kaminoyama Castle
  41. Kanazawa Castle
  42. Kasama Castle
  43. Kashima Castle (Hizen)
  44. Kikuchi Castle
  45. Kishiwada Castle
  46. Kochi Castle
  47. Kofu Castle
  48. Koiwatake Castle
  49. Kokura Castle
  50. Kokuzousan Noroshidai
  51. Komoro Castle
  52. Koromo Castle
  53. Koyama Castle
  54. Kubota Castle
  55. Kumamoto Castle
  56. Kuwana Castle
  57. Marugame Castle
  58. Matsue Castle
  59. Matsumae Castle
  60. Matsumoto Castle
  61. Matsushiro Castle
  62. Minakuchi Castle
  63. Mito Castle
  64. Nagaoka Castle
  65. Nagoya Castle
  66. Nakatsu Castle
  67. Nihonmatsu Castle
  68. Nijo Castle
  69. Nishio Castle
  70. Numata Castle
  71. Odawara Castle
  72. Ogaki Castle
  73. Oguchi Castle
  74. Ogurayama Castle
  75. Ohmori Castle
  76. Ohno Castle (Owari)
  77. Okayama Castle
  78. Osaka Castle
  79. Oshi Castle
  80. Otaki Castle
  81. Ozu Castle
  82. Sakasai Castle
  83. Saku Hanaoka Castle
  84. Saku Hitomoshi Castle
  85. Sannohe Castle
  86. Sekiyado Castle
  87. Sendai Castle
  88. Shibata Castle
  89. Shimabara Castle
  90. Shirakawa Castle
  91. Shiroishi Castle
  92. Shiwa Castle
  93. Sonobe Castle
  94. Sunpu Castle
  95. Tahara Castle
  96. Takamatsu Castle
  97. Takane Castle
  98. Takasaki Castle
  99. Takashima Castle
  100. Takato Castle
  101. Tanabe Castle
  102. Tanaka Castle
  103. Tatsuno Castle
  104. Tatsuoka Castle
  105. Tojo Castle
  106. Tomioka Castle
  107. Toyama Castle
  108. Tsu Castle
  109. Tsuchiura Castle
  110. Tsuyama Castle
  111. Ueda Castle
  112. Usuki Castle
  113. Utsunomiya Castle
  114. Uwajima Castle
  115. Wakayama Castle
  116. Yaga Castle (Tanba)
  117. Yamagata Castle
  118. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  119. Yoshida Castle
  120. Yoshinogari
  121. Yumurayama Castle
  122. Zeze Castle
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