Uenotaira Castle

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Uenotairajou (1).JPG


It is said that Uenotairajō was first built by Minamoto Tametomo in the Late Heian Period. In the Kamakura Period it was the base of the Chiku Clan, vassals of the Suwa Clan. It was once thought that the castle was abandoned by Chiku Nobusada in 1221 following the Jōkyū War, but archaeological investigations in the Heisei Period have determined the castle was used during the Sengoku Period.

Visit Notes

The ruins of Uenotairajō, an earthworks castle classified as a hirayamajō (hilltop castle), consist of dorui (earthen ramparts), karabori (dry moats) and kuruwa (baileys). The castle is situated on a long, projecting foothill with baileys arranged sequentially from the second bailey at the tip of the promontory, onto the first in the center, up to the fourth uphill at the back. Each bailey was separated by a dry moat, but today the first and third moat systems are best preserved. The third moat is how I entered the castle. In the middle it forks off and climbs uphill past the third and fourth baileys. The castle is bordered to the east by mountains, to the west by the plain, and to the north and south by rivers, the Chikusawa and the Terasawa respectively.


Castle Profile
English Name Uenotaira Castle
Japanese Name 上ノ平城
Founder Minamoto Tametomo
Year Founded Late Heian Period
Castle Type Hilltop
Castle Condition Ruins only
Designations Prefectural Historic Site
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Artifacts Dorui, Karabori, Kuruwa
Features trenches
Visitor Information
Access Sawa Station on the Iida Line; 25 minute walk
Visitor Information 24/7 free
Time Required 60 minutes
Location Minowa, Nagano Prefecture
Coordinates 35° 55' 53.58" N, 138° 0' 4.54" E
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Added to Jcastle 2020
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed

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